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History - Canada
WWI and Two
|What were the demands of the workers after WWI?
|Less working hours, more wages
|What was the Winnipeg General strike?
|Started in 1919, It was one of the most influencial strikes in Canadian history - for improved working conditions and wages.
|what was the "One big Union"?
|It was a Canadian trade union active primarily in the Western part of the country
|What was the Chanak affair?
|An argument between Turkey, and British French forces guarding the Chanak Zone. However, Canada stated it will not participate in any war that Britain declares.
|What was the Statute of Westminister?
|it was the last imperial act to all British domminions. it granted Canada her freedom as its own country.
|It was a candian/american agreement concerning fishing in the Northern Pacific ocean
|It was a Foreing policy, blocking out immagrants and refugees from other countries to enter Canada.
|King -Byng Affair
|It was a canadian Constitutional crisis that occured in 1926 when Lord Byng refused the request to dissolve parliment and call an election.
|Report, 1926, the conclusions of an Imperial Conference committee under the chairmanship of Lord Balfour, a British Cabinet minister and former prime minister, on relations between the self-governing parts of the empire commonwealth.
|Independence or freedom. Canada became free of British rule.
|What were the causes and effects of the Great depression?
|The stock Market Crash of 1929, Bank Failures, Reduction in Purchasing, Drought, ecenomic downfall with Europe.
|The New deal
|it was a series of economic programs implemented in America first, then adapted by canada.
|What is - Buying on margin?
|consists of borrowing money from a broker to purchase stock
|What were work camps?
|Formaly called "relief camps" these camps were designed for young, unemployed men who were single. They cleared brush, built roads, planted trees and built buildings. In exchange, they would be given room, food and 20 cents a day.
|the Ottawa Trek
|was a long journey where thousands of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps
|The Regina riot
|Bennett and his Goverment parties decided to put an end to the Ottawa trek - by force. They order the leaders of the trek to be arrested and the reaction to the police's actions was violence met by violence. A Riot broke out resulting in 1 death.
|What were some of the new political parties?
|Conservative Party, Union, scocialist,
|Who was Mackenzie King?
|was the longest-serving Prime Minister of Canada and introduced many of Canada's social welfare policies
|Five cent piece quote
|King was referring to not providing unemployment relief to the provinces from the Canadian federal government, saying it was not an obligation under the British North America Act. He felt the provinces were responsible for their own welfare.
|who was RB Bennett?
|Prime Minister R.B. Bennett was interested in money and power, but he could not save Canada from the Great Depression
|The person's case
|In the Persons Case in the 1920s, five Alberta women fought and won a legal and political battle to have women recognized as persons under the BNA Act.
|"The miracle babies" 5 identical baby girls born on May 28th, 1934
|Canada's entry into WWII
|Canada did not enter the war until a few weeks after Britain did. Why? We wanted to show our independence.
|A total war is a war fought on all fronts. ... total war is when a country is at war with another country and they have to gain allies.
|what was the British Commonwealth air training plan? (BCATP)
|A plan to train young men to become pilots at home (in Canada mostly) so they may fight in the war. Was an excellent training program
|What was the national selective service act?
|Was a "peace time" conscription act. A force out to war.
|What were some of the roles Woman playing in WWII?
|Woman became employed at home, working in factories and many were deployed as regular force women in the Forces. Mostly as nurses.
|The battle of Britain
|A horrific Sky won battle. Hitler wanted to cripple Britain. Starting with their air force. The year is 1942.
|The Battle of the Atlantic
|1941 - A great sea fought battle in the Atlantic waters.
|Definition of U-boats, Wolfpacks, Covoys
|a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes, mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats, A group of ships travelling together
|Compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the military.
|the site of a major US naval base, where a surprise attack on December 7, 1941, by the Japanese.
|Canadians in Hong Kong
|The Battle of Hong Kong took place during the Pacific campaign of World War II. It began on 8 December 1941 and ended on 25 December 1941 with Hong Kong, then a Crown colony, surrendering to the Empire of Japan.
|refers to confinement of Japanese Canadians in British Columbia during World War II.
|A horrible battle that lost thousands because of a few small disasters that ended in very large ones. Something in Canadian history we will never forget.
|Definition of D-day
|ate of the Allied landing in France, World War II
|Definition of The Normandy invasion
|Allied landings in France on 6 June 1944 (D Day), the prelude to the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II. Known as Operation Overlord
|Definition of Juno Beach
|Juno Beach was the code name of one of the five main landing sites of the Allied invasion of the coast of Normandy on D-Day
|Canada's role in Holland
|It was freeing the Dutch people of Holland from under German reign.
|A group name for Germany, Italy, and Japan
|The Allied powers were Britain, France, Russia and Belgium. (Canada was with Britain - USA joined later)
|The Greek definition of it was sacrifice by fire. It was a horrible sponsored murder of 6 million jews in Death camps.
|Made from millions of explosives, the worlds first Atomic bomb was made and dropped on two Cities in Japan. Results were devastating.
|"The lightening war" as it was called - Bombs were dropped and lightened the sky.
|Strategic bombing of Britain and Ireland by Nazi Germany
|Radar is an object-detection system which uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects.
|Sound Navigation And Ranging is a technique that uses sound propagation - usually under water. Used in Submarines
|German term for an air force. It is also the official name for two of the four historic German air forces
|is the aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces.
|Operation Barbarossa was the code name for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union
|Hiroshima was a targeted city of the atomic bombing in Japan. It was wiped out complete, people were vaporized on the spot - only ashes remained of what was once human.
|The second bomb dropped in WII - made with plutonium.
|Victory in Europe day - when the allies accepted the Axis formal surrender.
|Victory over Japan day - Japan admits defeat to the Americans
|Nazi soviet Non Aggression Pact
|this agreement stated that the two countries - Germany and the Soviet Union - would not attack each other.
|is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship
|formerly Canadian Forces Air Command
|Merchant Marines and Sailors
|The Merchant marines are all civilians - those who took the most risk. They exported supplies from the motherland to her allies. Most often targeted by enemy ships. It was a dangerous job.
|Ortona was the bloodiest battle of the Italian Campaign to date.
|he regiment is nicknamed the Van Doos, an anglicized mispronunciation of the first two syllables of vingt-deuxième ("22nd" in French)