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McGrath US Civil War

Sectionalism When you are loyal to one section or region of the country instead of to the whole
Union the entire country (as a whole); or the North during the war
Confederacy The Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed their own country it was called this
Casualties people injured or killed in a war
Slave codes Laws in the SOuth before the Civil War that keep slaves from escaping (ex: can't teach slaves to read/write or can't travel out of plantation w/out pass)
Cash crop plant that is grown a lot and makes a lot of money (ex: cotton)
Fugitive A person who is running away, trying not to get caught (ex: UGRR passengers)
Secession means to break away from or no longer be a part of
Border states states that have slavery but remain with the Union (MD, DE, KY, MO)
Abolitionist someone who wants to end slavery (either gradually or ASAP)
Civil War war between people of the same country
Blockade Using your ships to surround the enemy, cutting off supplies and trade (Ex: anaconda plan)
Emancipate to set free; freedom
Mason-Dixon Line imaginary line between Pennsylvania and Maryland, separating slave from free states prior to the Civil War
Cottonocracy Highest class in Southern society, grow cotton and own lots of slaves, have lots of power
Underground Railroad secret network to help slaves escape North
Total warfare Strategy used in war to destroy the enemy's ability to wage warfare (ex: burning towns, crops, supplies, harming civilians)
Abe Lincoln President of the Union; did not want slavery to extend into the territories
Jefferson Davis President of the CSA: had military experience
Stephen A. Douglas ran against Lincoln for IL Senate 1858; he won; came up with pop. sov.
Frederick Douglass former slave, abolitionist, started newspaper The North Star
William Lloyd Garrison white abolitionist; started the paper called The Liberator
General Robert E. Lee main general for the CSA; considered the best;surrenders to Grant at the end of the war
General Ulysses S. Grant Union general; won control of the Mississippi River and took over as lead general
General Stonewall Jackson Southern general; got his name from the Battle of Bull Run;killed by his own men on accident
General Sherman Northern general; uses total warfare to win the war
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the book Uncle Tom's cabin about the horrors of slavery
Dred Scott slave that sued for his freedom but lost in famous Supreme Court case
South's cash crops Cotton and rice
North vs South- population North has great population; almost half of South's population is slaves
North vs. South- Economy North has more factories, railroads, and telegraphs; South has money in slaves and land
Compromise of 1850 solution to solve slavery debate; California becomes free state, Fugitive Slave Law
Fugitive Slave Law part of the Compromise of 1850; says everyone in the US has to help catch runaway slaves or fined/jailed
Names for the Union Union, USA, Federals, Yankees
Names for the South Confederacy, CSA, Rebels, Butternuts
Advantages of the North greater population, more industry, technology, and transportation
Disadvantages of the North needed better generals; less morale because trying to just bring South back into the North
Advantages of the South fighting to protect and defend their homeland and way of life; lots of soldiers have more experience riding horses and shooting guns; best generals
Disadvantages of the South Does not have Abe Lincoln and not as much industry
Strategy of the North Blockade the South (anaconda plan) attack the South to bring them back into the Union
Strategy of the South Defend itself and hope the North gets tired
Capital of North Washington, D.C.
Capital of South Richmond, Virginia
Prez of the North Abe Lincoln
Prez of the South Jefferson Davis
Uncle Tom's Cabin novel written about slavery and how bad it was; author was Harriet Beecher Stowe
Lincoln-Douglas debates Series of 7 debates in IL for the Senate race in 1858; Douglas wins; main debate is over slavery
Dred Scott Supreme Court Case Dred Scott sues for his freedom, arguing he lived in a free area with his master; supreme court says he is property and not a citizen
Election of 1860 Abe Lincoln wins; 4 candidates run for the office; causes South to secede after he's elected
Emancipation Proclamation document by Lincoln; changes the meaning of the war; frees the slaves in the CSA (and not the border states)
Gettysburg Address speech by Lincoln to honor and remember those who fought at Gettysburg; encouraged soldiers to keep fighting for the cause
Major technology advances during the war that helped the North win the war railroad, telegraph
Created by: McGrath2012