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Ch 6

Voters and Voting Behavior

QuestionAnswer
suffrage the right to vote
franchise the right to vote
electorate all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
transient person living in a State for only a short time, without legal residence
registration a procedure of voter indentification intended to prevent fraudulent voting
poll books list of all registered voters in each precinct
literacy a person's ability to read or write
poll tax a special tax, demanded by States, as a condition of voting
gerrymandering the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
injunction a court order
Voting Rights Act of 1965
preclearance changes to or new election laws by certain States
off-year election congressional election that occurs between presidential election years
political socialization the process where people gain their political attitudes and opinions
party identification loyalty of people to a political party
independents people who have no party affiliation
3/5 of the U.S. History which extended suffrage 19th Amendment- right to vote because of sex. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 guaranteed the right to vote for minorities. 23rd Amendment granted citizens of the D.C. the right to vote for presidential electors. 24th Amendment- eliminated the poll
2/5 of the U.S. History which extended suffrage Early 1800’s - religious, property, and tax payment qualifications were gradually eliminated 1870 -15th Amendment was intended to end race-based voting requirements.
the 4 restrictions the Constitution places on states in regards to voting 1. Any person whom a State allows to vote for members must be allowed to vote 2. No State can deprive any person the right to vote 3. No State can require poll tax 4. No State can deprive any person of 18 to vote
Who is denied the right to vote? people in mental health care facilities some under some other form of legal restraint because of their mental conditions people in prison
5 characteristics of a person who is more likely to vote than others? Income, occupation, age, gender, geography
Regarding the preclearance procedure under the Voting Rights Act of 1965- five changes in voting rules that may cause problems for states? the location of polling places the boundaries of election districts deadlines in the election process from ward or district election to at-large elections the qualifications candidates must meet in order to run for office
Created by: dwigmans13