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Mr Lewis's Test
|What two types of cattle produced the longhorn?
|English and Spanish
|What caused high demand for cattle?
|Issue with pork, beef was plentiful, beef could be preserved, longhorns were good for cattle drives
|Why did the cattle drives end?
|Their success was their own demise
|Why were railroads a good form of transportation?
|More efficient, took less workers, cheaper, weather didn't affect schedules
|What were the terms of land grants given to railroads?
|Railroad companies received 16 sections per mile after the 1st ten miles
|Why did railroads hurt some communities?
|If a railroad did not stop in a city, then that city would have economic problems.
|What incentives were offered to railroad companies and why?
|Cities paid bonds to attract railroads because it helped the city's industries and they did not have to pay up front
|How did railroads attract settlers?
|Advertisements and demonstrations
|How did mechanization change farming?
|Increased production with less employees
|What is tenant farming?
|Started at the time of Industrialization. People rented farmland in exchange for crops
|Explain the relationship between lumber mills and railroads.
|Railroads help increase the ability to transport timber which caused more mills to be able to opened.
|When was oil first drilled in Texas?
|What industries were spin-offs of the oil industry?
|storage, pipelines, and refineries
|How did Texans view the changes that were happening?
|They feared change
|What are examples of laws that limited freedoms?
|Slavery and Segregation
|A process that works to make a positive change
|What happens when businesses become too powerful?
|monopolies and prices gauging
|What happened to farmers in the 1800's?
|They made less on their crops, but paid more for supplies
|Why were short hauls so expensive?
|What was the purpose of the interstate commerce act?
|To regulate railroads that ran between states
|What were the goals of the populist party?
|To make the government regulate industries that impacted citizens
|What is the purpose of a strike?
|To improve working conditions
|How did Hogg feel about insurance companies?
|He banned them from Texas because they didn't follow the Law
|What was the Texas Railroad Commission?
|An organization that oversaw the operation of the railroad
|What was the Greer County Dispute?
|A land dispute
|What effect did Spindletop have on Beaumont?
|What did anti-suffragists argue?
|to protect morality
|Why were oil wells spaced out?
|So fields would not be exhausted
|How many barrels of oil were produced in 1889?
|Where was the first real oil strike?
|What is vertical integration?
|Owning all the steps in a production process
|Who was the first to drill at Spindletop?
|Gladys City Oil
|What was the first use for petroleum?
|Why was the Texas Equal Suffrage Association so successful?
|They used positive methods and strategies