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AP Human Chpt 2

QuestionAnswer
Agricultural Revolution The time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
Census A complete enumeration of a population.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society.
Crude Death Rate (CDR) The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society.
Demographic Transition The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Demography The scientific study of population characteristics.
Dependency Ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Ecumene The portion of the Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.
Life Expectancy The average number of years an individual can be expected to live.
Natural Increase Rate (NIR) The percentage growth of a population in a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Overpopulation The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
Population Pyramid A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Total Fertility Rate The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
Zero Population Growth A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
Created by: 1008106064