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AP Human Chpt 2
|The time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
|A complete enumeration of a population.
|Crude Birth Rate
|(CBR) The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society.
|Crude Death Rate
|(CDR) The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society.
|The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
|The scientific study of population characteristics.
|The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
|The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
|The portion of the Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
|Infant Mortality Rate
|(IMR) The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.
|The average number of years an individual can be expected to live.
|Natural Increase Rate
|(NIR) The percentage growth of a population in a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
|The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
|Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
|A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
|The number of males per 100 females in the population.
|Total Fertility Rate
|The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
|Zero Population Growth
|A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.