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SS11 Human Geo

Population

QuestionAnswer
demography The study of population numbers, distribution, trends, and issues.
developed country A country with a highly developed economy and infrastructure and high living standards.
developing country A country with a less sophisticated economy and lower standard of living, may have extensive poverty.
birth rate The number of births per 1000 people in a country in a given year.
death rate The number of deaths per 1000 people in a country in a given year.
immigration rate The number of new arrivals in a country per given year per 1000 people.
emigration rate The number of people leaving a country in a given year per 1000 people.
natural increase The rate at which a population increase (or decreases) in a year expressed as a percentage of the total population; calculated by subtracting the death rate from the birth rate.
exponential rate The rapid rate of population growth as each generation doubles in size.
rule of 70 The time it takes a country to double its population, approximately 70 divided by the country's growth rate.
doubling time The number of years it takes a country to double its population at its current growth rate.
net migration The difference between the number of people immigrating to a country and the number of people emigrating.
population growth rate The rate at which a country's population increases or decreases; calculated by adding natural increase and net migration.
life expectancy The average number of years an individual is expected to live.
demographic transition model A model that shows changes in a population's birth and death rates and growth based on technological development.
mortality Deaths in a population.
family planning The concept of limiting the size of families.
total fertility rate The average number of children born over the lifetime of a typical woman in a particular country.
one-child policy A policy adopted by China to control population growth.
population pyramid The bar graph that shows male and female populations back to back at age intervals of five years.
age cohort An age group in a population, for example, the number of people between the ages of 10 - 14.
dependency ratio The proportion of the population (children and those over 65 years of age) that is being supported by the working age group.
carrying capacity The maximum number of people that can be sustained by an environment.
population distribution The pattern of where people live in an area.
population density The number of people liven in a given area; calculated by dividing the population by its area.
nutritional density The measure of how much nutrition in calories can be produced from a certain area.
infanticide The act of killing an infant.
sterilization A procedure by which a person's ability to reproduce is destroyed.
Created by: slslozzy
 

 



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