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Disease Final

G(-) Bacilli, NonEnteric

QuestionAnswer
causes bubonic plague Yersinia pestis
bacteria affecting GI tract E.coli, salmonella, shigella, yersinia enterocolitica
common agent in burn patients Pseudomonas aeruginosa
PNA: cough, SOB, fever G(-) bacilli, ox-, Cat+, glucose/lactose fermenting, encapsulated, non-motile Klebsiella pneumoniae
Causing PNA in alcoholics, debilitated, with bloody sputum, necrotic, cavitary, high mortality K. pneumoniae
3 y/o bulging fontanelles, tachypnea, neutrophilic leukocytosis, meningitis on CSF eval: decreased glucose, elevated LDH, G(-) bacilli, glu/lac fermenting, Cat-/ox- E.coli (differentiation: lactose fermenting)
sweet smelling wounds, blue-green wound, burn unit patient, G(-) motile rods, cat+, gluc/lact non-fermenter, grows 42C Pseudomonas aeruginosa
obligate aerobe, Non-lactose fermenting, green-blue pigment/colonies, sweet grape-like scent, exotoxin pseudomonas aeruginosa
G(-) pleomorphic rod, blood loving, fastidious, growth factor/lysed blood, chocolate agar, virulence: capsule Haemophilus
purulent epidemic meningitis, transverse BBB during septicemia in susceptible babies, Epiglottitis H. influenzae
causes chancroid, STD, painful genital ulcers, unilateral painful, purulent inguinal lymph (buboes) H. ducreyi
G(-) pleomorphic anaerobic rod, vaginal infection, malodorous vag d/c, "clue cells" over bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis
causes bacterial vaginosis G. vaginalis and mycoplasma hominis
common vaginal infection bacterial vaginosis by Gardnerella vaginalis
G(-) aerobic bacilli, attach to human resp epithelium, toxin-> decreased phagocytosis, lymphocytosis, hypoglycemia and impaired ability to clear bacteria, causing violent cough bordetella pertussis
dx by nasopharyngeal mucus culture, cough plates, direct immunofluorescent stain; prevented by DTaP Whooping cough by bordetela pertussis
poor gram stain, facultative anaerobe, water organism, non-human to human, common breakout in hotels and a/c units. causes necrotizing PNA Legionella pneumophilia
G(-) bacillus, zoonotic (rats, rodents in SW USA), resembles E.coli, transmit by flea bites, resp droplets of pneumonic plague Yersinia pestis
phagocytosed, virulence enable bacteria to resist destruction, rapidly enlarging lymph nodes (buboes), fever, conjunctivis, sepsis Yersinia pestis-bubonic plague
G(-), facultative intracellular bacilli, local to mononuclear phagocytic system, direct mucosal contact, traumatic implantation, ingestion; risk=Vet, farmers, unpasteurized dairy brucella
G(-) zoonotic, infect due to animal blood, tick/deer fly, raw meat Francisella tularensis
normal flora in animals, transmit by dog/cat bits Pasteurella multocida
UTI by lactose- Urease+, G(-) rod, motile Proteus mirabilis
UTI by G(-) rod, most common cuase of UTI in F, and pt with foley cath, present with dysuria/frequency E.coli
how many organisms to consider Urine culture clean catch as contaminated 2+ organisms
PA student at Chinese food, presents with cramps, N/V. G(+) aerobic spore-forming rods bacillus cereus
Poisoning by rice and veggies by what organism? Bacillus cereus
G(+) spore-forming anaerobic bacillus, heat labile enterotoxin, in reheated meats/gravy, watery diarrhea Clostridium perfringens
Created by: emtdan85