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Other Gram - Rods

Gram - Rods, Aerobic, Extracellular

QuestionAnswer
Gram - Rods, Aerobic extracellular Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella pertussis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis
Haemophilus influenzae: Labs Catalase +, Oxidase -, ferments glucose (only)
Haemophilus influenzae: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide endotoxin, capsule, IgA protease, Beta-lactamase
Haemophilus influenzae:Treatment Ceftriaxone, Chloramphenicol, rifampin; Immediate intubation for epiglottitis
Haemophilus influenzae:Diseases Pneumonia, Meningitis, Epiglottitis, Sinusitis, Otitis media, Purulent conjunctivitis
Haemophilus influenzae: Transmission Respiratory droplets
Haemophilus influenzae: Vaccine Hib
Bordetella pertussis: Labs Oxidase +, Agglutinin reaction positive, Direct fluorescent antibody test
Bordetella pertussis: Toxins Pertussis toxin , adenylate cyclase toxin, lipopolysaccharide, Capsule, Filamentous Hemaglutinin
Bordetella pertussis: Diseases Whooping cough
Bordetella pertussis: Treatment Erythromycin
Bordetella pertussis: Transmission Respiratory droplets
Bordetella pertussis: Vaccine DTaP
Yersinia enterocolitica: Labs Oxidase -, Catalse +, Urease +
Yersinia enterocolitica: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide, O-antigens, H-antigens; Can grown in cold conditions
Yersinia enterocolitica: Diseases Enterocolitis (bloody diarrhea)/ Typhoid, Bacteremia and Sepsis; Associated with Reiter's Syndrome
Yersinia enterocolitica: Treatment FEN, Gentamicin
Yersinia enterocolitica:Transmission Animal reservoir; transmitted from unprocessed milk, raw meat, contaminated water
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Labs Oxidase +; Blue/green colonies with a fruity odor
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Toxins Exotoxin A, Exoenzyme S, Hemolysins, Lipopolysaccharide, Glycocalyx, Elastase, Multidrug Resistance factors
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Diseases Pneumonia in the immunocompromised, Burn wound infections, Endocarditis in IV drug users, Nosocomial UTI, Bacteremia leading to septic shock, Corneal keratitis, Otitis externa (swimmer's ear)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Treatment Aminoglycoside + Beta-Lactam, Cefepime, Piperacillin, Aztreonam
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Transmission Colonizes in water or wet areas
Klebsiella pneumoniae: Labs Oxidase -, Lactose fermenting, Urease +
Klebsiella pneumoniae: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide, Capsule, Beta-lactamase+
Klebsiella pneumoniae: Diseases Pneumonia, Nosocomial UTI, Bacteremia
Klebsiella pneumoniae: Treatment 3rd generation cephalosporin plus an aminoglycoside, Cefepime
Klebsiella pneumoniae: Transmission Normal colon flora, but also nosocomial transmission with in-dwelling catheters and endotracheal tubes
Proteus mirabilis: Labs Oxidase -, Non-lactose fermenting, Urease +
Proteus mirabilis: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide, Urease, Strong motility with flagella
Proteus mirabilis: Diseases UTI, Nephrolithiasis (Struvite stones)
Proteus mirabilis: Treatment Ampicillin for cystitis, Ciprofloxacin
Proteus mirabilis: Transmission Normal colon flora; Nosocomial catheter infection
Created by: vmed