Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Infection Control

Principles & Practice - Chapter 4 Esthetics

One celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are known as what? Bacteria
A type of pathogenic bacteria. Parasite
Name for harmful bacteria. Pathogenic
A type of bacteria that lives on dead matter. Saprophytes
A type of fungi that cause skin, hair and nail infections. dermaphytes
Round bacteria that appear alone or in groups. cocci
Bacilli are bacteria with what kind of shape? Rod Shapes
This is bacteria arranged like a string of beads and causes strep throat and blood poisoning. Streptococci
Spirilla are bacteria with what kind of shape? A corkscrew shape
This is the bacteria that caused concern in the pedicure industry in 2000. Mycobacterium Fortuitum Furunculosis
Cutaneous infections acquired from whirlpool footbaths, also called footspas Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis
This is the bacteria that rarely shows active mobility or self movement. Cocci
The slender, hair like extensions with which certain bacteria move with are called what? Flagella
The process by which bacteria cells divide into two new cells. Mitosis
What do certain bacterias like anthrax do they form during their inactive stage? Spores
What is a communicable disease? Transmitted from one person to another
A spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes syphilis,lyme disease, and other diseases. spirilla
Pus is an indication of what? infection
What causes measles and hepatitus? Viruses
What is one difference between a virus and a bacteria? Bacteria can live on their own; without a host
A bloodborne pathogen that causes a disease marked by inflammation of the liver. hepatitis
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) breaks down the body's what? Immune System
AIDS is caused by what virus? The HIV Virus
Which of these can cause HIV to be transmitted? (sharing food, casual contact, or sharp implements)? Sharp Implements
Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through what? Broken Skin
Vegetable (plant) parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts Fungi
In a cosmotology school or salon, anyone with a contagious disease should be what? Referred to a Physician
Resistance developed after the body overcomes a disease, or through inoculation. acquired immunity
Surfaces of tools or other objects that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes are what? Contaminated
Removing pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is called what? Decontamination
Sterilization is the only form of decontamination that kills what? Bacteria Spores
Sterilization is used by which of the following? (Surgeon, Comotologist, housekeeper) Surgeon
Surfaces that can be disinfected are what kind of surfaces? Nonporous Surfaces
Why should disinfectants never be used on skin, hair, or nails? Damage can result
Agency that verifies the efficacy of infection control disinfectants. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
Information compiled by a manufacturer about its product. MSDS
This lists product ingredient content, associated hazards to cubustions levels and storage requirements. Material Safety Data Sheet
OSHA was created to regulate and enforce what? Safety and Health Standards
A disinfectant that is formulated for hospitals and Health Care Facilities must be pseumonicidal, bactericidal, fungicidal, and WHAT? Virucidal
A salon instrument that comes in contact with blood or body fluids should be immersed in an EPA approved solution that can kills what? HBV(Hepatitis B Virus) and HIV Viruses
Human immunodeficiency virus HIV
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
Can only live by penetrating cells and becoming part of them. viruses
Cause the common cold, infuenza, herpes, measles, chicken pox, smallpox, hepatitis, polio, and AIDS. viruses
An infection confined to a particular part of the body and is indicated by a lesion containing pus. local infection
Results when the bloodstram carries the bacteria or virus and their toxins to all parts of the body. general infection
A disease that spreads from one person to another by contact. contagious or communicable
Responsible for food poisening and a wide range of diseases including toxic shock syndrome. Staph
Bacterium that cause infections in different parts of the body; resistant to some commonly used antibiotics. methicillin-resistant staphylococus aureus (MRSA)
Any item used on a client must be disinfected or what? Discarded
Before soaked in a disinfectant instruments must first be ______ to avoid contaminating the solution. Cleaned
Household bleach (_____) is an effective disinfectant. sodium hypochlorite
How long does it take for Quaternary Ammonium Compounds to disinfect instruments? 10 to 15 minutes
Disease-causing bacteria orviruses that are carried through the body in the blood or bodily fluids are called... bloodborne pathogens
A disease of the scalp, but occurring occasionally on any part of the skin, and even at times on mucous membranes. favus
What kind of instruments is Phenolic Disinfectant in 5% solution used for? Metal Implements
These were 2 disinfectants used in the past in salons, but have now been replaced by technology Bleach and Alcohol
States requiring hospital disinfection are not allowed to use what? Alcohol
bleach Sodium Chloride
Previously used in spas or salons as a disinfectant for its anti-bacterial properties; is no longer considered safe formalin
Can you use bare fingers to remove implements from disinfectants? no, can cause serious skin and eye damage
How often should the solution used in a wet sanitizer be changed? Once a day
When mixing disinfectants, you should always mix disinfectant to water, not water to disinfectant
Where should disinfected implements be stored? In a disinfected covered container
Ultraviolet (UV) sanitizers are most useful for what? Storing disinfected Implements
Linens and towels should be used once and then laundried with what? bleach
Those parts of tools that cannot be immersed in solution should be what? Disinfected
A caustic poision (carbolic acid) used to reliably to disinfect implements phenol
What should be done with cotton balls or wipes contaminated with blood or body fluids. They should be double bagged
The third or lowest level of decontamination. Sanitation
Washing your hands is an example of this kind of decontamination. Sanitation
The guidelines and controls that require the employer and employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other blood born pathogens is referred to as what? Universal Precautions
Disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS -acquired immune deficientcy syndrome
Agents that may kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria. antiseptics
Process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so that they do not become contaminated by microorganisms until they are used on a client. aseptic procedure
Showing now symptoms or signs of infection asymptomatic
Apparatus for sterilization by steam under pressure autoclave
Short, rod-shaped bacteria bacilli
The most common bacteria bacilli
Produce diseases such as tetanus (lock-jaw), typhoid fever, tuburculosis and diphtheria bacilli
Capable of destroying bacteria bactericidal
Hairlike extensions that protrude from cells and help to sweep away fluids and particles cilia
Round bacteria that appear alone or in groups cocci
When a disease spreads from one perosn to another by contact communicable
Communicable or transmittable by contact contagious
When an object or product has microorganisms in or on it contaminated
Contamination that occurs when you touch an object, such as the skin, and then touch an object or product with the same hand or utensil cross-contamination
Removal of pathogents and other substances from tools and surfaces decontamination
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cuase diseases such as pneumonia diplococci
Chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria, fungi, and viruses disinfectants
Used to disinfect implements and surfaces disinfectants
Second-highest level of decontamination, nearly as effective as sterilization; used on hard, nonporous surfaces disinfection
Does not kill bacterial spores disinfection
effectiveness efficacy
A specifiec contact of a client's blood or other potentially infectioius materials (OPIM) with the esthetician's eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes as a result of performing services and duties exposure incident
Long threads attached to the cell to help it move flagella
Capable of destroying fungi fungicidal
Ability of the body to resist infection and destroy pathogens that have infected the body immunity
The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogenic bacteria infection
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size microorganism
Single-celled organisms and theri abiltiy to move in their environment (cell) motility
An inherent resistance to disease natural immunity
Organism that lives in or on another organism and draws its nourishment from that organism or host parasite
Causing disease; harmful pathogenic
Skin disease caused by infestation with head lice pediculosis
Single-celled parasites with the ability to move protozoa
Single-celled parasites that can divide and grow only when inside a host protozoa
Capable of destroying Pseudomonas bacteria pseudomonacidal
Fluid product of inflammation that contains white blood cells and thedebris of dead cells, tissue elements, and bacteria pus
Disinfectants that are considered nontoxic, odorless and fast acting quats (quaternary ammonium compounds)
Contagious disease caused by an itchmite burroning under the skin scabies
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes staphylococci
Bacteria that cause abcesses, pustules and boils staphylococci
Highest level of decontamination sterilization
Completely kills every organisim on a nonporous surface sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads streptococci
Bacteria that cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisening stroptococci
Capable of destroying the bacteria that cause tuberculosis tuberculocidal
A bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs tuberculosis
Capable of destroying viruses virucidal
Microorganisms that can invade plants and animals, including bacteria virus
Gloves that are resistant to tears, punctures, chemicals and solvents nitrile gloves
Disease that affects the body generally, often due to under- or over- functioning or internal glands/organs. systemic disease
Disease produced by disease-causing orgnisms, including bacteria, virus and fungi pathogenic disease
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and ringworm parasitic disease
Illnesses resulting from cnditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certian products or ingredients occupational disease
Dertermination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms diagnosis
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances allergy
Also called vegetative (growing) stage active stage
During this stage, bacteria grow and reproduce active stage
These multiply best in warm, dark, damp, or dirty places where food is available. bacteria
During this stage, certain bacteria coat themselves with waxy outer shells that are able to withstand long periods of famine, dryness, and unsuitable temperatures. inactive or spore-forming stage
Makeup should be discarded after ___ months. 6
Conjunctivitis, sties, andherpes are just a few of the diseases you may contact-or spread-if you share _____. makeup
Part of the U.S. Department of Labor; regulates and enforces safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What are the two types of disinfectants used in salons and spas? chemical disinfectants and hospital-grade disinfectants
Also known as Tuberculocidal disinfectant hospital-grade disinfectant
Hairlike extensions that protrude from cells and use a whip-like motion. cilia
The body's first line of defense against pathogens is _____ unbroken skin
Metal cabinets that utilize ultraviolet rays to sanitize and store disinfected implements UV sanitizers, or "sterilizers"
UV sanitizers will NOT ____ or ____, but can be useful as clean storage containers. sterilize, disinfect
To comply with the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, salon and spa implements that accidentally come into contact with blood or body fluids must be completely immersed in an EPA-registered _______ disinfectant. turberculocidal (hosiptal-grade)
Always add disinfectant to water, not water to disinfectant to avoid _____ splash out
Jars or containers used to disinfect implements are often incorrectly called ____ _____ wet sanitizers
To be effective, the strength of ethyl alcohol must be no less than ___ % 70
The strength of isopropyl alcohol must be ___ % to be effective. 99
Created by: heaneyl
Popular Bacteriology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards