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Other Gram- Rods

Gram - Rods, Aerobic Intracellular

QuestionAnswer
Gram - Rods, Aerobic Intracellular Shigella, Salmonella, Legionella pneumophila
Salmonella typhi/paratyphi: Labs Oxidase -, Methyl red +, Non-lactose fermenting
Salmonella typhi/paratyphi: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide, O-, H-, and K-antigens; Can survive within macrophages and invaced the mucous layer; Beta-Lactamases, Acetlytransferase
Salmonella typhi/paratyphi: Diseases Enteric fever (Typhoid fever, Bacteremia, Osteomyelitis; Can cause Reiter's Syndrome and can also lead to abortion in pregnancy
Salmonella typhi/paratyphi: Treatment Fluid and electrolytes, Ciprofloxacin, Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
Salmonella typhi/paratyphi: Transmission Human GI tract reservoir with fecal-oral transmission
Shigella: Labs Oxidase -, Non-lactose fermenting
Shigella: Toxins Shiga toxin (Inhibits protein synthesis), Lipopolysaccharide, Invasion factor
Shigella: Diseases Bacillary Dysentery (bloody diarrhea), HUS; Associated with Reiter's Syndrome
Shigella: Treatment Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole,Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone, Fluid and electrolytes
Shigella: Transmission Human GI tract reservoir; Fecal-oral transmission
Salmonella: enteritidis: Transmission Animal reservoir; Fecal-oral transmission; raw eggs, milk, and chicken
Legionella pneumophila: Labs Catalase positive; produce brown pigment on culture
Legionella pneumophila: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide, Proteolytic enzymes, Beta-lactamase +; Can prevent the fusion of phagolysosomes
Legionella pneumophila: Diseases Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia), Pontiac fever
Legionella pneumophila: Treatment Erythromycin, Azithromycin, Levofloxacin
Legionella pneumophila: Transmission Air conditioners, whirlpool baths, humidifiers, contaminated water; Inhalation of aerosols
Created by: vmed