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Holman Chapter 13

Northern States had more industry and better technology than the South
Roads and canals thousands of miles were built between 1800-1850 in the North
Great Plains area in Central USA west of Iowa and Missouri
Clipper ships faster ships devoped in the North in the 1840's
Canals and steamboats helped cities like Chicago and New York grow quickly
Elias Howe's sewing machine used by factories in the North in order to produce more fabric
Railroads 1. Moved goods quickly. 2. Increased settlement in the Midwest 3. Encouraged growth of small towns and cities along the line
Communication 1. Telegraph 2. Morse code
Northern Factories 1. Dangerous, dirty, and low wages
Trade unions 1. organizations of workers with same trade. 2. Worked to improve working conditions and get better pay.
Strikes 1. Trade unions refused to work so that they could improve working conditions and get better pay.
African Americans in the North 1. were free. 2. were victims of racial prejudice and discrimination
Women workers in the North. 1. Often worked in factories 2. were paid less than men
Growth of cities in 1850's 1. factories caused cities to grow 2. Largest Immigrants were from Ireland and Germany
Nativists were native born Americans who felt that immigrants from Europe would corrupt the American way of life
Irish immigrants 1. came to America to escape the Irish potato famine of the 1800's
The South in the 1800's 1. Cotton production was the most important moneymaker.
Cotton gin 1. Invented by Eli Whitney. 2. led to more demand for slaves and land for cotton production
Textile(fabric) industry in England led to demand for more cotton production
Southern factories were few compared to the North.
Rural means country, country life, or country people
Urban means cities, city life, or city people
capital in the South 1. money for investment in business 2. most of the money was tied up in slavery not industry.
Rural people of the South most were poor farmers who did not own slaves
Wealthy plantation owners owned most of the slaves
Slaves 1. did most of the work on plantations 2. slave families faced constant danger of being separated
Slave codes laws passed in the South that prevented slaves from assembly, education, and travel.
Fredrick Douglas 1. former slave who became a famous writer. 2. He was a strong abolitionist
abolitionist An abolitionist was a person who wanted to do away with slavery. In the 1830's abolitionists began to speak out in public.
Harriet Tubman a former slave who helped other slaves escaped on the underground railroad
Nat Turner an educated slave who led a slave rebellion that killed 55 whites before he was captured and hanged.
spiritual 1. a religious song created by slaves. 2. spirituals often contained secret codes that only the slave could understand
overseer men hired by slave owner. Their job was to make sure the slaves were working
Created by: wmhs