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Holman Chapter 13
|had more industry and better technology than the South
|Roads and canals
|thousands of miles were built between 1800-1850 in the North
|area in Central USA west of Iowa and Missouri
|faster ships devoped in the North in the 1840's
|Canals and steamboats
|helped cities like Chicago and New York grow quickly
|Elias Howe's sewing machine
|used by factories in the North in order to produce more fabric
|1. Moved goods quickly. 2. Increased settlement in the Midwest 3. Encouraged growth of small towns and cities along the line
|1. Telegraph 2. Morse code
|1. Dangerous, dirty, and low wages
|1. organizations of workers with same trade. 2. Worked to improve working conditions and get better pay.
|1. Trade unions refused to work so that they could improve working conditions and get better pay.
|African Americans in the North
|1. were free. 2. were victims of racial prejudice and discrimination
|Women workers in the North.
|1. Often worked in factories 2. were paid less than men
|Growth of cities in 1850's
|1. factories caused cities to grow 2. Largest Immigrants were from Ireland and Germany
|were native born Americans who felt that immigrants from Europe would corrupt the American way of life
|1. came to America to escape the Irish potato famine of the 1800's
|The South in the 1800's
|1. Cotton production was the most important moneymaker.
|1. Invented by Eli Whitney. 2. led to more demand for slaves and land for cotton production
|Textile(fabric) industry in England
|led to demand for more cotton production
|were few compared to the North.
|means country, country life, or country people
|means cities, city life, or city people
|capital in the South
|1. money for investment in business 2. most of the money was tied up in slavery not industry.
|Rural people of the South
|most were poor farmers who did not own slaves
|Wealthy plantation owners
|owned most of the slaves
|1. did most of the work on plantations 2. slave families faced constant danger of being separated
|laws passed in the South that prevented slaves from assembly, education, and travel.
|1. former slave who became a famous writer. 2. He was a strong abolitionist
|An abolitionist was a person who wanted to do away with slavery. In the 1830's abolitionists began to speak out in public.
|a former slave who helped other slaves escaped on the underground railroad
|an educated slave who led a slave rebellion that killed 55 whites before he was captured and hanged.
|1. a religious song created by slaves. 2. spirituals often contained secret codes that only the slave could understand
|men hired by slave owner. Their job was to make sure the slaves were working