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End of Year

Vocabulary Review for 5th Grade Social Studies

13th Amendment Freed slaves
14th Amendment Made African Americans citizens and gave equal protection
15th Amendment Allowed African Americans to vote (male citizens of all races)
Black Codes Laws established in the South that put limits on what African Americans were allowed to do
Freedman’s Bureau Federal agency that provided schools, hospitals, medical care, etc. to newly freed slaves
Jim Crow Laws Enforced segregation of blacks and whites
Reconstruction Rebuilding of the US after the Civil War
Segregation Separation of people of different races
Sharecropping System of farming where white farmer rents to a freedman who pays with crops he raises
Carpetbaggers White Northerner who went South for political or economic reasons during Reconstruction
Scalawags White Southerner who sympathized with the North during Reconstruction
Abraham Lincoln 16th President/Led US during Civil War/Emancipation Proclamation/Reconstruction/Encouraged Transcontinental Railroad
Andrew Johnson 17th President; president after Lincoln was shot; Reconstruction; impeached
Cattle Drive Movement of cattle along the range (moving South to North)
Exodusters African American pioneer who moved to the Great Plains after the Civil War
Frontier An unexplored area (such as the Great Plains in the 1800s or even Space
Homestead Act 160 acres of free land if willing to move to the Great Plains (male, head of household, etc.)
Pioneers Early settler of a region
Sodbusters Great Plains farmer who had to bust thru sod
Transcontinental Railroad Railroad that crossed the continent
Battle of Wounded Knee Last major conflict between the Native Americans and the United States Army – many Native Americans were massacred during the battle
Battle of Little Big Horn Big victory for Native Americans; led to the US becoming tougher on Native Americans (also known as Custard’s Last Stand)
Allied Powers during WWI United States, Great Britain, France, Russia, Serbia
Angel Island A processing center for immigrants on the West Coast
Armistice A cease-fire agreement
Central Powers during WWI Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Ellis Island A processing center for immigrants on the East Coast
Entrepreneur Someone who creates his/her own business
Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace after WWI
Imperialism A foreign policy where one country extends their rule over foreign countries (“I’m the boss of you
Isolationism Only being concerned or focused on your country; staying out of political issues between other countries
League of Nations Woodrow Wilson’s idea for various nations to come together to work things out peacefully.
Lusitania A passenger ship that was sunk by the Germans; one of the events that brought the US toward World War I
Samuel Morse Created Morse Code for the telegraph
Alexander Graham Bell Invented the telephone
Thomas Edison Invented the light bulb
Wright Brothers Invented the airplane (tested at Kitty Hawk, NC)
Monopoly When one business controls all aspects of the industry
Nationalism A sense of pride in one’s country (we’re #1
Panama Canal Joins the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans instead of having to sail around the bottom of S. America.
Spanish-American War Cuba rose up against Spanish rule. Battleship Maine blew up; was blamed on Spain. Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders quickly defeated the Spanish. (Puerto Rico, Guam and Philippines were not controlled by US.
Tenement Apartments where large families lived in 1 or 2 rooms; became popular during in the Industrial Revolution due to the large number of immigrants moving into urban areas
Treaty of Versailles A post-World War I treaty that made Germany pay large sums of money to the allies for causing World War I.
Urbanization Mass movement from rural to city areas
Rural Relating to the country (not the city) (often associated with farming/agriculture)
Yellow Journalism Stretched truths, lies to sell newspapers
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President; led the Rough Riders during Spanish-American war; Established national forests and parks—conservation
Woodrow Wilson 28th President/ Led the U.S. during World War II
21st Amendment Repealed prohibition (18th Amendment)
Appeasement Avoiding war by meeting the demands of a threatening nation
Assembly Line A product is assembled in parts and passed on a line from one worker to another
Atomic Bomb A bomb getting its destructive power from the release of nuclear energy
Civilian Conservation Corps Part of FDR’s New Deal/Hired young men to build and maintain parks
Concentration Camps A place where the Nazis sent mostly Jewish people to be killed during World War II
Dictator A ruler with absolute power
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Part of FDR’s New Deal/insures people’s deposits in banks
Great Depression A period of economic decline (1930s) where there was extreme poverty and unemployment
Harlem Renaissance A time when African-American art, music, and literature become very popular through America (especially in New York)
Internment Camps During WWII, Japanese Americans were put in these “camps” after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Winston Churchill British leader during World War II
Franklin Roosevelt 32nd President/Created New Deal/led US during World War II
Adolf Hitler Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II
Joseph Stalin Communist dictator of the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)
Axis Powers during WWII Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers during WWII (major players) United States, Great Britain, France, Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)
Prohibition 18th Amendment - Prohibited the making, selling, and transporting of alcohol
Social Security Administration Part of FDR’s New Deal; gives people monthly checks who cannot work or are retired
Albert Einstein German-born physicist who told FDR about the possibility of atomic bombs
Cold War Political tension between US & USSR 1950-1990
Red Scare/McCarthyism Suspicions by the US government Suspecting citizens of being Communist; sparked by Senator McCarthy
Containment US policy to fight the spread of communism
United Nations Organization of countries created after WWII to help solve disagreements & stop wars between nations
Berlin Wall A wall built separating East and West Berlin (Communism & Democracy)
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Created in 1949; a military alliance among 12 democratic nations (Western Europe, the United States, and Canada) that agreed to help each other if attacked by the Soviet Union
OPEC (Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries) An economic alliance that coordinates a set price and supply of petroleum products (oil)
Cuban Missile Crisis Tension between the US and USSR in 1962 over nuclear missiles in Cuba
Arms Race A competition between US & USSR during the Cold War to build up the largest supply of weapons and “nukes”
Sputnik 1 1st satellite launched in 1957 by USSR—sparked a great interest in science in the US
Suburb Neighborhoods of similarly styled homes built near a city
Communism A system of government where all good are equally distributed; government controls the economy
Capitalism An economic system where goods & services are privately or corporately owned. (free enterprise)
Korean War War between North and South Korea; North Korea invaded South Korea to spread communism (UN, including the United States, supported South Korea)
Vietnam War US sent soldiers to South Vietnam to try and prevent the spread of communism from North Vietnam.
Brown v. Board of Education Landmark case during the Civil Rights Movement that desegregated schools by ruling that a student could attend the school nearest them
Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights Leader; gave the ”I Have A Dream” speech; believed in peaceful protests
Malcolm X Civil Rights activist who urged African Americans to rely on themselves; later embraced MLK’s passive resistance (peaceful protest)
Rosa Parks Civil rights leader arrested for protesting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama
9/11/2001 The day al Qaeda bombed the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and hijacked a plane that crashed in a field in Pennsylvania (4 planes in all)
Operation Desert Storm The code name for the first war against Iraq to liberate Kuwait. Also known as Persian Gulf War.
Dot-com Related to the Internet
E-commerce Commerce that is translated electronically (for example, over the Internet)
Fossil Fuels Fuels that come from the earth (coal, oil, etc.) that are formed from the remains of plants and animals. When burned, releases carbon dioxide, a major cause of air pollution
GI Bill Gave veterans low-interest home loans and paid for their schooling and helped them acclimate back to the civilian world
NAFTA (North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement) allowed free trade in North America (US, Canada, Mexico)
Osama bin Laden Leader of the Taliban terrorist group; masterminded 9/11 attack
Patriot Act After 9/11, a law that allows the government to monitor communication IF there is suspicion of terrorist activity (phone, e-mail, mail, etc.)
Persian Gulf War See Desert Storm above
Saddam Hussein Iraqi dictator; invaded Kuwait
Taliban A group of terrorist in the Middle East
Terrorism Causing destruction and great fear
Weapons of Mass Destruction Biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons capable of causing destruction over a large area effecting a large amount of people
Created by: pen6592