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Civil War SOL

Virginia USI.9 Civil War

QuestionAnswer
Cultural, economic, and constitutional differences between the North and the South eventually resulted in what major event? Civil War
Issues related to what institution increasingly divided the nation and led to the Civil War? slavery
Was there one underlying cause of the Civil War or several differences between the North and South that led to the Civil War? several differences
The __________ was mainly an urban society in which people held jobs in cities. North
The __________ was primarily an agricultural society in which people lived in small villages and on farms and plantations. South
Why did people of the North and South found it difficult to agree on social and political issues? Because of their cultural differences
The __________ was a manufacturing region, and its people favored tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition. North
The__________ was largely agricultural. South
Why did Southerners opposed tariffs? They would cause prices of manufactured goods to increase. Planters were also concerned that Great Britain might stop buying cotton from the South if tariffs were added.
What was a major constitutional conflict between the North and South? states’ rights versus strong central government. states’ rights versus strong central government.
Which side supported state's rights, the North or South? South
Which side a strong central government, the North or South? North
The South feared that the North would take control of __________. Congress
Southerners began to proclaim __________ __________ as a means of self-protection. states’ rights
Who believed that they had the power to declare any national law illegal? Southerners
Who believed that the national government’s power was supreme over that of the states. Northerners
Southerners felt that doing away with this would destroy their region’s economy. abolition of slavery
Why did Northerners believed that slavery should be abolished. for moral reasons
Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; Maine entered the Union as a free state. Missouri Compromise
California entered the Union as a free state. Southwest territories would decide the slavery issue for themselves. Compromise of l850
People in each state would decide the slavery issue (“popular sovereignty”). Kansas-Nebraska Act
The southern states seceded from the Union following what event? Lincoln’s election
Confederate forces attacked _________ ___________ in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the Civil War. Fort Sumter
Who believed that the United States was one nation that could not be separated or divided? Lincoln and many Northerners
Who believed that the states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it? Most Southerners
Southern states that were dependent upon labor-intensive _________ __________ seceded from the Union. cash crops seceded from the Union.
Who stayed in the union? Northernmost slave states (border states) and free states
Name the 5 border states. Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, West Virginia
Western counties of which state refused to secede from the Union? What new state was formed? Virginia, West Virginia
president of the United States who opposed slavery Abraham Lincoln
Issued the Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln
Determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary Abraham Lincoln
Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states Abraham Lincoln
Wrote the Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln
What said that the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Gettysburg Address
Was president of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
Was general of the Union army that defeated Lee Ulysses S. Grant
Was leader of the Army of Northern Virginia Robert E. Lee
Was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war, but chose not to fight against Virginia Robert E. Lee
Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force Robert E. Lee
Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on Robert E. Lee
Was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
Was an enslaved African American who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist Frederick Douglass
__________ and___________ were critical elements influencing important developments in the Civil War, including major battles. location, topography
What began the war? The firing on Fort Sumter, S.C.,
first major battle of the Civil War The first Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
The signing of the this made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war. Emancipation Proclamation
Did freed African Americans join the Union army? Yes
Which battle divided the South and gave the North control of the Mississippi River? The Battle of Vicksburg
Which battle was the turning point of the Civil War and the North repelled Lee’s invasion? The Battle of Gettysburg
Where did Lee surrender to Grant in 1865 ended the war. Appomattox Court House
Name 4 Influences of location and topography on critical developments in the war 1. The Union blockade of southern ports 2. Control of the Mississippi River 3. Battle locations influenced by the struggle to capture capital cities 4. Control of the high ground
Which southern ports did the Union blockade? Savannah, Charleston, New Orleans
Name the two capital cities during the Civil War. Richmond, VA; Washington, D.C.
Control of the high ground was critical in which major battle? Battle of Gettysburg
Life on the __________ and __________ __________ on the was extremely harsh. Many soldiers died from disease and exposure. battlefield, home front
__________ members were often pitted against one another, as were __________ against __________. Family, friends, friends
As the war went on,__________ troops became increasingly younger and more poorly equipped and clothed. Southern
Much of the__________ was devastated at the end of the war (e.g., burning of Atlanta and Richmond). South
Outside of battle wounds what was a major killer during the Civil War? Disease
Civil War nurse, created the American Red Cross. Clara Barton
What was brutal and often man-to-man. Combat
Who ran businesses in the North and farms and plantations in the South during the Civil War? women
The collapse of the Confederacy made Confederate worthless. money
Did African Americans fight in both the Confederate and Union armies? yes
The Confederacy often used enslaved __________ __________ as naval crew members and soldiers. African Americans
The __________ moved to enlist African American sailors early in the war. Union
African American soldiers were paid__________ than white soldiers. less
African American soldiers were discriminated against and served in __________ units under the command of white officers. segregated
African American sailor and later a Union naval captain, was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroism. He became a Congressman after the war. Robert Smalls
Created by: Mrs. Estes