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American Revolt SOL

Virginia USI.6 American Revolution

QuestionAnswer
In the American colonies, Great Britain’s desire to remain a world power resulted in the French and Indian War
Great Britain imposed taxes, such as the Stamp Act, to raise necessary revenue to pay the cost of French and Indian War
Great Britain’s reasons for controlling the colonies (3) *desired to remain a world power. *Great Britain’s desire to remain a world power resulted in the French and Indian War. • Great Britain imposed taxes, such as the Stamp Act, to raise necessary revenue to pay the cost of the French and Indian War.
Great Britain’s reasons for taxation (2) • To help finance the French and Indian War • To help finance the maintenance of British troops in the colonies
Colonists had no representation in Parliament
Some colonists resented the power of the colonial governors
Great Britain wanted strict control over this colonial government body colonial legislatures
The colonies opposed British taxes
restricted the western movement of settlers after the French and Indian War The Proclamation of l763
Sources of colonial dissatisfaction (5) No representation in parliament Colonial governors Control of colonial legislatures Strick control over trade Opposed British taxes Proclamation of 1763
Key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence were based upon ideas first expressed by European philosophers
unalienable rights (define) rights that cannot be taken away
People establish__________ to protect those rights government
People have “certain unalienable rights" (Name them) life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness
• Government derives power from the__________ people
__________have a right and a duty to change a __________that violates their rights. People, government
Key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence (4) • People have “certain unalienable rights” • People establish government to protect those rights. • Government derives power from the people. • People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights.
British king during the Revolutionary era King George III
British general who surrendered at Yorktown Lord Cornwallis
Championed the cause of independence John Adams
Commander of the Continental Army George Washington
Major author of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with his “Give me liberty or give me death” speech Patrick Henry
Prominent member of the Continental Congress; helped frame the Declaration of Independence; helped gain French support for American independence Benjamin Franklin
Enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence and who eventually gained her freedom Phillis Wheatley
Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers. Boston Massacre
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes. Boston Tea Party
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and to promote independence. First Continental Congress
The first armed conflicts of the Revolutionary War Battles at Lexington and Concord
The colonies declared independence from Great Britain (July 4, 1776). Approval of the Declaration of Independence
This American victory was the turning point in the war. Battle of Saratoga
This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War. Surrender at Yorktown
Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty. Signing of the Treaty of Paris
Colonial advantages (3) • Some colonists’ defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs • Additional support from France • Strong leadership
As __________ __________ expanded control over the American colonies, many colonists became dissatisfied and __________. Great Britain, rebellious
New __________ ideas led to a desire for __________ and a __________ government in the American colonies. political, independence, democratic
Many individuals played important roles in shaping events of the __________ _________. American Revolution
Created by: Mrs. Estes