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American Indian SOL

Virginia USI.3 American Indians

QuestionAnswer
They study human behavior and cultures of the past through the recovery and analysis of artifacts. Archaeologists
When and how did the first people arrived in the Western Hemisphere. Scientists are not in agreement
Where is Cactus Hill located? on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia
What did archeologist find at Cactus Hill? Evidence that humans lived there. Making it one of the oldest archaeological sites in North America.
How long ago did humans live at Cactus Hill? 18,000 years ago
Who inhabited present-day Alaska and northern Canada? Inuit
Who lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year? Inuit
What dwelling did Inuits live in? igloo
Inuits are part of what group of American Indians? Arctic
Kwakiutl are part of what group of American Indians? Pacific Northwest coast
What is the Pacific Northwest coast climate like? rainy and mild
What dwelling did Kwakiutl live in? plank house
What natural resource did the Kwakiutl make their clothing out of? cedar bark
Lakota are part of what group of American Indians? Plains
What physiographical region did the Lakota live in? Great Plains
What are the Great Plains characterized by? dry grasslands
What natural resource did the Lakota us for their food, clothing, and shelter? buffalo
What dwelling did Lakota live in? tepee
Pueblo are part of what group of American Indians? Southwest
The Pueblos inhabit what present-day states? New Mexico and Arizona
What tribe lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains? Pueblo
Iroquois are part of what group of American Indians? Eastern Woodlands
What is the Eastern Woodlands environment like? heavily forested
What dwelling did Iroquois live in? longhouse
Do members of all the tribes live in their homelands and in many other areas of North America today? Yes
What tribe grows cotton to weave into clothing? Pueblo
Which tribe uses irrigation to farm? Pueblo
Things that come directly from nature natural resources
People working to produce goods and services human resources
Goods produced and used to make other goods and services capital resources
The fish American Indians caught, wild animals they hunted, and crops they grew were examples of what resources. natural
People who fished, made clothing, and hunted animals were examples of what resources. human
The canoes, bows, and spears American Indians made were examples of what resources. capital
What 2 groups of American Indians made clothing out of plants? Pueblo - cotton, Kwakiutl - cedar bark
Name three natural resources that American Indians used to make their dwellings wood, sod, stones, animal skins
Name 3 ways American Indians provided food for their families. fishing, hunting, farming/gathering
Which group of American Indians wore animal skins as clothing? all groups
Where did American Indian groups get their food, clothing, and shelter? From their environment
__________ is the recovery of material evidence remaining from the past. Archaeology
Archaeological discoveries of early __________ settlements have been made in __________ Virginia. Indian, southeastern
Prior to the arrival of __________, American Indians were dispersed across the different __________ in North America. Europeans, environments
__________ and __________ affected how the various American Indian groups met their basic needs. Geography, climate
__________ influenced what was produced and how it was produced. Resources
Natural world, within which people, animals, and plants live environment
Reserve supply of something such as in the natural environment resources
Surface section or strip of earth with growing grass and roots sod
Distribute something over a wide area dispersed
Entire way of life of a people culture
Sundried brick adobe
Something that provides cover or protection shelter
Group of two or more related families clan
supply area with water: to bring a supply of water to a dry area, especially in order to help crops to grow Irrigation
Ceremonial dinner that may last for several days, gifts were given to show wealth, people who received gifts were then expected to hold their own potlatch potlatch
Community of people that share common customs, language, and rituals tribe
A person who studies evidence left by early peoples in order to find out about their way of life Archaeologist
Source of wealth that occurs within nature, such as timer, fresh water, or minerals Natural Resources
The people employed in a business to complete a job or a task Human Resources
Money or property used for business Capital Resources
Created by: Mrs. Estes