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Geography SOL

Virginia USI.2 Geography

QuestionAnswer
What are the seven continents? • North America • South America • Africa • Asia • Australia • Antarctica • Europe*
What are the five oceans? • Atlantic Ocean • Pacific Ocean • Arctic Ocean • Indian Ocean • Southern Ocean
__________ is considered a continent even though it is not entirely surrounded by water. Europe
What is the name of the continent if you combine Europe and Asia? The land mass is frequently called Eurasia.
Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain
Broad lowlands providing many excellent harbors Coastal Plain
Located west of the Coastal Plain, extending from eastern Canada to western Alabama; includes the Piedmont Appalachian Highlands
Old, eroded mountains (oldest mountain range in North America) Appalachian Highlands
Wrapped around the Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape Canadian Shield
Hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers Canadian Shield
Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains Interior Lowlands
Rolling flatlands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills nterior Lowlands
Located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains Great Plains
Flat lands that gradually increase in elevation westward; grasslands Great Plains
Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range Rocky Mountains
Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska almost to Mexico; high elevations Rocky Mountains
Contains the Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers Rocky Mountains
Located west of the Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades Basin and Range
Varying elevations containing isolated mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America Basin and Range
Located along the Pacific Coast, stretching from California to Canada Coastal Range
Rugged mountains and fertile valleys Coastal Range
What 3 major bodies of water have provided access to other parts of the world? Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf Coasts
served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants. Atlantic Ocean
was the gateway to the west. Ohio River
Inland port cities grew in the Midwest along their coasts Great Lakes
Used to transport farm and industrial products. It was a link to United States ports and other parts of the world. Mississippi River
Used to transport farm and industrial products. It was a link to United States ports and other parts of the world. Missouri River
explored by Lewis and Clark. Columbia River
explored by the Spanish Colorado River
forms the border with Mexico. Rio Grande River
was an early exploration destination. Pacific Ocean
provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America. Gulf of Mexico
forms part of the northeastern border with Canada and connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. St. Lawrence River
body of water surrounded entirely by land lake
large stream of water that empties into an ocean or a lake river
stream or small river that flows into a larger river or stream tributarie
arm of an ocean or sea that is partly enclosed by land, usually larger than a bay gulf
high, steep, rugged land that rises sharply above the surrounding land mountains
area of raised land that is lower or more rounded than a mountain hills
broad area of fairly level land that is generally close to sea level plain
large area of high, flat, or gently rolling land plateau
land area that is surrounded by water island
peice of land is surrounded by water on three sides peninsula
Geographic features are related to what 4 things? • patterns of trade • the locations of cities and towns • the westward (frontier) movement • agricultural and fishing industries.
part of a body of water that is partly enclosed by land bay
__________ are large land masses surrounded by water. Continents
Geographic __________ have distinctive characteristics. regions
The United States has access to numerous and varied bodies of __________. water
Bodies of water support interaction among __________, form __________, and create links to other areas. regions, borders
It is important to recognize key __________ features on maps, diagrams, and/or photographs. geographic
__________ and __________ features set the stage for and influence the course of events in United States history. Landforms, water
Created by: Mrs. Estes