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Systemic Anatomy

Relationship & Directional Terms-Exam #1

Rostral Towards the nose
Prone Laying Face Down
Supine Laying on Back
Efferent Carrying info. AWAY
Afferent Carrying info. TOWARDS
Visceral Internal Organs
Parietal Body Wall
Superior Towards the head
Inferior Towards the floor or feet
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Toward the side
Ipsilateral Same Side
Contralateral Opposite Side
Proximal Situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment; Toward the origin
Distal Away from the origin or from the point of attachment
Superficial On the surface
Deep Below the surface
External Outside
Internal Inside
Central In the middle/center
Peripheral Out towards the edge
Plantar Ventral surface of foot (sole of foot)
Palmar Ventral surface of hand
Parietal Inside lining of the body cavity
Visceral The internal organs in the main cavities of the body
Flexion To decrease a joint angle; Bringing things in to you; Forward
Extension To increase in joint angle; Movmt. away; Posterior
Abduction To move away from the body
Adduction To move in toward the body
Rotation Mvmt. of a body part around its own axis
Medial Rotation Internal Rotation
Lateral Rotation External Rotation
Supination Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is turned upward
Pronation Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is rotated in a medial and posterior direction
Circumduction Circular mvmt. of a body part (combo. of flexion, extension, abd. & add.)
Inversion Turning the sole of foot inward (supination)
Eversion Turning the sole of foot outward (pronation)
Protraction To move the part forward
Retraction To move the part backwards
Elevation To move the part upward (closing the mouth)
Depression To move the part downward (opening the mouth)
Created by: terryg025