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Literary Figures/MAT

Ancient Greek dramatist specialized in tragedies, among them Prometheus Bound Aeschylus
Ancient Greek fabulist whose allegorical fables have inspired many writers Aesop
Early Renaissance Italian writer is called the father of modern literature. His Divine comedy is one of literature's great triumphs Aligheri,Dante
American short-story writer whose most famous collection is Winesburg, Ohio. Anderson,Sherwood
Nineteenth century English author whose novels include Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, and Emma Austin, Jane
Early 19th-century Frenchwriter best known for his series La Comedie Humanine Balzac, Honore de
Irish-born French novelist and playwright whose Existentialist works include Malloy and Waiting for Godot Beckett, Samuel
American novelist awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1976. His works include the novels Herzog and Humboldt's Gift Bellow, Saul
British artist, poet, and engraver who wrote Songs of Innocence and Experience. Blake, William
English novelist, who wrote under the pen name Currer Bell. Best known for the novels Jane Eyre and Shirley. Bronte, Charlotte
One of three literary sisters, this English novelist wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell. Her novel Wuthering Heights is considered on of the great Romantic novels. Bronte, Emily
English preacher and writer of allegorical stories, most famously The Pilgrim's Progress Bunyan, John
Prominent Romantic poet known for his adventurous life and writings. Important works include Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. Byron, Lord George
French writer and Existentialist best known for his novels The Stranger and The Plague. Camus, Albert
Prominent British writer, mathematician, and artist, wrote the classic children's tales Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass Carroll, Lewis (Charles Dodgson)
Spanish writer whose book Don Quixote is considered the first modern novel. Cervantes, Miguel de
Early English poet who wrote the influential The Canterbury Tales Chaucer, Geoffrey
Late 19th and early 20th century Russian playwright and short-story writer who wrote The Seagull and The Cherry Orchard Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich
One of the first English Romantics, widely remembered for "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" Together with William Wordsworth, he published Lyrical Ballads in 1798. Coleridge, Samuel Taylor
Late 19th century French female author who published the Claudine novels as well as The Innocent Wife Colette, Sidonie-Gabrielle
Polish-born British writer whose famous books are the novella Heart of Darkness and the novel Under Western Eyes Conrad, Joseph
American author of the Civil War novel Red Badge of Courage. Crane, Stephen
English writer immensely popular with his Victorian audience. A contemporary of Thomas Hardy. Some important works are A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, and A Christmas Carol. Dickens, Charles
One of American's great 19th century poets whose emotional poems were never published in her lifetime. Dickinson, Emily
English writer, essayist, and religious scholar considered the greatest of the metaphysical poets due to his highly original poems, including "The Flea" and "Death Be Not Proud" Donne, John
Prominent Russian novelist whose major works include Crime and Punishment and The Idiot. Dostoevsky, Fyodor
American writer of the naturalist school whose novels include Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy Dreiser, Theodore
Victorian English female novelist who wrote the realist novels Middlemarch and Adam Beade Eliot, George (Mary Ann Evans)
American-born British Modernist poet who wrote the obscure and referential poems "The Waste Land" and "The Love Song for J. Alfred Prufrock." Eliot, T. S.
Important American Transcendentalist writer and philosopher. The mentor of Thoreau, he wrote the essay Nature. Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Along with Sophocles and Aeschylus, a preeminent Ancient Greek dramatist. Euripedes
Acclaimed American Southern novelist has a major influence on contemporary literature. Some major works include The Sound and The Fury, Absolom! Absolom!, and As I Lay Dying Faulkner, William
One of the 20th century's literary stars, his writing chronicled the Jazz Age. His novel The Great Gatsby is considered an American masterpiece Fitzgerald, F. Scott
French writer who coined the phrase le mot juste (the perfect world)and had a nortoriously meticulous style. His masterpiece is Madame Bovary. Flaubert, Gustave
Popular American poet of the 20th century who penned such notable poems as "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Day" and "The Mending Wall" Frost, Robert
American Beat poet and active political figure who became the face of a generation's underground. Perhaps his most famous work is the collection Howl. Ginsberg, Allen
Prominent German writer, critic, and scientist is most famous for his classic Faust. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Popular American writer of noir, or detective, fiction. Many of his novels, including Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man, became successful movies. Hammett, Dashiell
One of the great English writers of the 19th century, his popular novels include Far From the Maddening Crowd and Tess of the d'Urbervilles. Hardy, Thomas
Important 19th century American writer who wrote celebrated novels and short stories, including The Scarlet Letter and "The Minister's Black Veil." Hawthorne, Nathaniel
Holds a place as one of America's most influential writers due to a terse style he honed as a journalist. Best known among his works are the novels The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms. Hemingway, Ernest
Created by: amber_rutledge
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