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Chapter 7 unit test

QuestionAnswer
What are some reasons that Europeans left Europe to go to North America? The industrial revolution made many people loose there jobs because machines could do them instead. There was an economic slowdown due to the Napoleonic Wars and there was a large famine so people had very little to eat.
What was the smallest British population in British North America? P.E.I
When and where was the largest British population in British North America? In 1820 the largest population was in Lower Canada but in the 1850's the largest population was in Upper Canada because of the Great Migration
Where and when did the population of British people drop. Between 1830 and 1840 in New Brunswick
When and where did the population of British people stay the same? Between 1840 and 1850 in Newfoundland
Why were the boat rides to British North America not very pleasant? Because there was a sickness going around (cholera) on the boats and since there were so many people, almost everyone got sick. Also people got sea sick. and captions were cramming more than half the people that should be in the boats for the ride.
What was the purpose of Gross Ile? It was an island that people who were sick on ships would go to to get better or to die.
What was the majority of people who went to the island. What did they leave behind when they died? Many were Irish and they left there children orphaned. Many Canadiens would adopt the children but the children would keep there irish last names
Who were reformers and what did they want? Reformers were people who wanted to change a political system for a good reason. In this case, the reformers wanted to change to government to a democratic one.
What type of government did British North America have? What did it mean? They had a colonial government. That meant, that Britain chose people who had decision making power in the colonies.
What was the only thing the colony could vote for? What did it do? The colony could only vote for the members that made up the assembly. The assembly had to decision making power but they could advise the governor and councils.
What does democratic government mean? In a democracy, voters can elect the people who will have decision making power. so voters in a democracy have a lot of power because they choose the people that will represent them.
What were the reformers wanting to change? THey wanted to change there colonial government into a democratic government.
THESE QUESTIONS ARE FOR UPPER CANADA BEFORE THE REBELLION! I REPEAT THE NEXT SET OF QUESTIONS ARE ONLY FOR UPPER CANADA BEFORE THE REBELLION!!!!!!!!!!
between 1820 and 1830 who controlled the councils? English Protestants.
in 1832 who controlled elected assembly? English Farmers who immigrated from the Thirteen Colonies who were called the Reformers.
When and what didi the Council make sure would happen? They made sure that in 1836 the Reformers were removed from government.
When did crop failures affect many people? From 1833-1837
There were 3 key players in the Reformers. Who was the first? Louis Joseph Papineau. He thought that having a British government system in a place that was mostly french only satisfied a few people. He was from Lower Canada.
Who was the second? William Lyon MacKenzie. He was from Upper Canada and believed that people should vote for the people representing them so it will satisfy them.
Who was the third? Joseph Howe? He was from Upper Canada and he believed the people in the colonies should have the same amount of power as the people living in Britain. To elect representatives who had more power than government officials.
THE NEXT SET OF QUESTION ARE FOR UPPER CANADA DURING THE REBELLION!!!!! I REPEAT, THE NEXT OF QUESTIONS ARE FOR UPPER CANADA DURING THE REBELLION!!!!!!!!
What and when does MacKenzie do? He starts a rebellion called the Rebels in 1837. It was easier because troops were fighting in Lower Canada.
In the same year, what happens to the rebellions? The government gets volunteers to fight against the rebellion. The volunteers win and MacKenzie flees to the U.S.
What and when does MacKenzie continue to do? He continues to lead raids but he loses every time.
THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE FOR LOWER CANADA BEFORE THE REBELLION!!!!!!! I REPEAT, THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE FOR LOWER CANADA BEFORE THE REBELLION!!!!!!!!!
Who and when controlled the Councils and the Elected Assembly? From the 1820's to the 1830's the English Protestants controlled the Councils and the French Catholics controlled the elected assembly.
What did French Reformers want? they wanted the English to control the land they won and the people/
When did a cholera epidemic hit Lower Canada? Why ? It happened in 1832 and it happened when British Immigrants would bring it with them and Britain wouldn't stop immigrations.
How many years of crop failure did Lower Canada face? what year to what year? They had four years of crop failure from 1833 to 1837
THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE FOR LOWER CANADA DURING THE REBELLION! I REPEAT THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE FOR LOWER CANADA DURING THE REBELLION!
When does Papineau start a rebellion against the British Government? What were they called? He started it in 1837 and they called the Patriots.
Who won fights that were fought by the reformers and british troops in 1837? British troops won.
What did Papineau do when British troops burned and captured French settlements? He fled to the U.S.
What does Papineau do when he goes to the U.S.? When? He organizes more rebellions but they were all defeated. it happened in 1838.
What did Britain want to find out? Why were they in a tough position? They wanted to find out why these rebellions against them were happening. They were in a tough position because they had already lost the thirteen colonies and they didn't want to loose upper and lower canada.
Who did they hire to investigate? What was his position in upper and lower canada? They hired Lord Durham and he was the new governor of upper and lower canada.
What did he suggest? -Union of Upper and Lower Canada. -More demographic government. -Assimilation of the Canadiens
What act did Britain pass as a result of Lord Durhams suggestions? When? They passed the Act of Union in 1841.
What did the Act state? -Combined Upper and Lower Canada -Created Legislative council government appointed -created equal assembly -made english the official language of canada
What were the Mississauga people thinking of doing? Why? When? They were thinking of relocating in 1841 because British people moved on there land and they couldn't move with the season for resources.
What did they do to survive? They started farming.
What did the Mississauga people petition for? They wanted to right to own land and settlements.
What did Britain do? Britain, instead of accommodating there wishes, tried to get them to move to Manitoulin Island, a rocky island near Lake Huron.
Who were the 2 reformers who joined forces to get a more democratic government? Robert Baldwin (English) and Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine (French)
What year did Britain grant the Province of Canada self-government? 1848
What is a political party? A group of people who have the same ideas of how to run society.
Created by: monkey pen