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rise and fall of the roman society

what is a tribune? plebeians gained right to elect their own officials to protect their interests
Who were the Plebeians? the farmers, merchants, and the artisans who made up the majority of the population and had the legal rights of citizenship but had little influence=the poor/lower class
what is a dictator? ruler who has one complete control over a government each Roman dictator was allowed to rule for 6 months
what were consuls? nominated by the senators from the patrician class and they were to supervise the business of the government and command the armies.
who were the patricians? the wealthy land holding members of the upper class mostly ruled the government
what is a republic? "That which belongs to the peopole" the people chose some of the officials--romans thought that this would prevent any individual from gaining too much power
who were the Etruscans? Shared the Italian pensula with the Romans and other peoples. the Etrustcans were Greek colonist whose city-states dotted Southern Italy. Romans learned much form the Etruscans and adapted much of their culture.
what is veto power? tribunes could block laws that they felt were harmful to plebeians.
how did the role of roman women change over time? they could own property and shops, as well as some would help building baths.
what is a legion? basic military unit, each of which had about 5,000 men.
how many Punic wars were there? There were three Punic wars.
who fought and won the first Punic war? the Rome and Carthage fought with Rome coming out victorious, winning the islands of Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia.
who fought and won the second Punic war? Carthaginian General Hannibal led his army through France and over the alps into Italy. for 15 years Hannibal and his army moved over Rome winning.
who fought and won in the third Punic war? Rome completely destroyed Carthage-any survivors were killed or sold into slavery and the Romans poured salt on the Earth so that nothing would grow there again.
what is imperialism? a Roman policy of establishing control over foreign lands and peoples.
what is a Latifundia? wealthy families who bought huge farming estates and as the Romans conquered new people they started to make them work as slaves.
who and what did Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus do? among first to attempt reform. Tiberius called on state to distribute land to poor farmers. Gaius sought for more reforms such as using public funds to buy grain. but the brothers and thousands of their followers were killed in street violence.
who was Julius Caesar? ambitious military leader who conquered much land and made the senate declare him dictator.
who was Augustus, what was his real name and what era did he start? Octavian or Augustus was a king without the title he ruled everything and was the beginning of the Pax Romana
what is a census? population count of the empire so there could be records of all who should be taxed.
who was Hadrian? codified Roman law making it the same for all provinces and he is most known for his wall built to hold back attackers from Britian.
what is the Pax Romana(Roman Peace)? 200 year span that began with Augustus and ended with Marcus Aurelius was a peaceful period.
who was Virgil? Poet who wrote the "Aemeid" and tried to show that Rome's past was just as heroic as the Greeks.
what does satirize mean? making fun of Roman society
what is a mosaic? a picture made from chips of colored stone or glass
what did the Romans excel as? engineering
what is a aqueduct? bridgelike stone structures that carried water from hills into Roman cities
What was Ptolemy's theory? that Earth was the center of the universe
who passes the Edict of Milan? Constantine
Who were people who died for their faith? martyrs
what is a heresies? beliefs said to be contrary to official Church teachings, also caused division.
who was Augustine? Bishop of Hippo in North Africa, and one of the greatest early church scholars
what does "apostle" translate to in Greek? "a person sent forth"
who was the emperor who divided the roman empire? Diocletian
Which side did Diocletian get rule over? eastern= richer people
what was the name of the group who invaded Rome? Huns
who were mercenaries? foreign soldiers serving for pay, to defend its boarders.
Created by: 15_opassafiume



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