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Kat YWPA PG 238

Kat Vocab PG 238

QuestionAnswer
A meeting of party members. Although used in some twenty states, the Iowa caucuses are particularly important because they represent the start of the presidential campaign, now in January of a presidential election year. Caucuses
The system of ambition checking ambition, whereby political power is fragmented and divided among the three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers
Concerned with disputes between two private parties, such as divorce. Civil Law
Those rights guaranteed to the individual by the Constitution and, more specifically, the Bill of Rights. Civil Liberties
The right of citizens not to be discriminated against due to race, sex, religion, sexual orientation, age, disability, or national origin. Civil Rights
Term applied to federal employees who are hired according to the merit principle (that is, based upon their abilities upon their abilities or qualifications for a federal job, not their political connections) Civil Service
Unlawful speech that leads to an immediate and obvious harm to other individuals and/or property. Clear and Present Danger
In the closed primary, only registered Republicans (or Democrats) may vote for Republican (or Democratic) nominees. Closed Primary
The Senate rule that terminates a filibuster requiring sixteen or more senators to sign a petition, then a three-fifths vote of approval, and then a one-hour debate limitation per senator. Cloture
Disillusionment with presidential policies by many groups in U.S. society that collectively produces a drop in presidential popularity. A public-opinion phenomenon that seems to engulf most presidents over time. Coalition of Minorities
The presidential role that places him or her in control of the U.S. armed forces, as stipulated in the Constitution. Presidents have used this constitutional privilege in numerous military interventions overseas, with some leading to full-scale wars. Commander-in-Chief Role
Established in 1968 by John Gardner with nearly 300,000 members. Concerned with accountability of government officials to the citizenry, stricter laws over campaign contributions, independence of public broadcasting, & financing of presidential elections. Common Cause
Judge-made law; those rules that have been created by judges through their decisions in numerous cases. Common Law
The doctrine espused by women's groups that asserts that women should be paid equivalent salaries to those of men when similar job responsibilities and skills are involved. Comparable-Worth Doctrin
Those powers that can be exercised by both the national and state/local governments. Examples include taxation, creation of courts, protection of civil rights, borrowing and spending money, and the chartering of banks or corporations. Concurrent Powers
A political system in which the states have ultimate power and the central government is relatively weak. Confederation
A joint House-Senate committee whose purpose is to reconcile different versions of a bill. Conference Committee
Also known as the Great Compromise, which provided for representation in the House to be based on population, and for the Senate to have equal representation for each state. Connecticut Compromise
A foreign policy directed against the Soviet Union and its allies after World War II, which called for a variety of economic, diplomatic, and even military means to block communist expansion around the globe. Containment
Federalism that views the relationship between the states and the federal government as a marble cake-that is, one of overlapping powers and responsibilities. Cooperative Federalism
Created by: YWPA Government