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Isabella YWPA pg.243

Refers to the historic practice of citizens waiting for and contacting representatives in the lobbies outside legislative chambers. Lobbying
This act closed loopholes in the lobbying process, such as providing a stricter definition of a lobbyist. Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995
A paid representative of an interest group who tries to influence the policy decisions and views of a public official. Lobbyist
Philosopher who argued that human beings had the capacity to perceive and understand higher or natural law that posed standards for human conduct. John Locke
Federal laws or court rulings that compel cities and states to implement certain policies even if no financial aid is given. Mandates
Books, films, radio, newspapers, TV, magazines, journals, and the Internet-all of which transmit information to the American people and their political leaders. Mass Media
Tangible benefits, such as better salaries or improved working conditions, that an interest group may provide to its members. Material Benefits
1819 Supreme Court Case that established the concept of national supremacy. McCulloch v. Maryland
Refers to the respective levels of media influence, from the most powerful to the outer circle of local news. Media Circles
Refers to media corporations that, according to some authorities, have disproportionate power; thus, possibly endangering the American tradition of diversity of thought and expression. Media Concentration
A political party that for reasons of ideology, economic protest, issues, or factionalism challenges the two major parties. Minor Political Party
An economic approach that seeks control over the money supply and the cost of credit, primarily through the Federal Reserve System. Monetary Policy
An interest group that lobbies congress to pass a 1984 law withholding federal highway funds from those states that did not raise the legal drinking age to 21. Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
The 1995 act that allowed citizens to register to vote when applying for or renewing a driver's license or register via the mail. Motor-Voter law
The NOC's responsibilities include hiring personnel, handling the party's administration, and being a spokesperson for a political party. National Party Charperson (NPC)
The idea that states may not pass laws or enact policies that are in conflict with the constitution, acts of congress, or national treaties. National Supremacy
Campaigning designed to raise questions about a candidates opponent by focusing on character deficiencies, especially through political commercials. Negative Campaigning
Issue-oriented groups that typically focus on public interest, consumer, and environmental issues. Non-Economic Interest Groups
The doctrine first proposed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison and later revived by John C. Calhoun that argued that the states could declare a federal law invalid if interpreted by them as a violation of the constitution. Nullification
Spearheaded by Adolph Ochs, owner of the New York Times, objectives journalism avoided partisanship and exaggerated opinions, instead favoring the facts of a story and a presentation of all sides of an issue. Objective Journalism
Created by: YWPA Government