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political parties 4

Political Party According to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [or women] seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election.
linkage institutions the channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda. In the United States,Linkage institutions include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
party identification A citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other.
patronage One of the key inducements used by party. A patronage; One of the key inducements used by party machine.
Coalition A group of individuals with a common interest on which every political party depends.
Party era Historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power, which tends to win a majority of the elections
Critical election An electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party.
Party realignment The displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election
Party dealignment The gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification
Third parties Electoral contenders other than the two major parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections
Responsible party model a view favored by some political scientists about how parties should work
Winner takes all systems It's where the winner of the primary or electoral college vote takes all of the state's convention or electoral college delegates.
Proportional representation It is a concept in voting systems used to elect an assembly or council.
Coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate.
Created by: liowona