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NWSpinePelvis Test 2

NWHSU Spine and Pelvis Test 2

QuestionAnswer
What are flexors of the Head and Neck Longus Colli, Longus Capitis, Rectus Capitis Anterior, Scalenes (Anterior, Sternocleidomastoid
What are the extensors of the Head and Neck Erector Spinae (all), Obliquus Capitis Superior, Rectus Capitis Posterior Major, Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor, Splenius (Capitis) (Cervicis), Sternocleidomastoid, Transversospinalis(semispinalis, rotatores, interspinales)
What are the muscles that primarily produce lateral flexion (little/no rotation) Intertransversarii Iliocostalis (lateral position does not allow for much rotation) Longissimus Thoracis and cervicis mostly Oblique capitus superior Levator Scapula (with scapula fixed) Scalenes Quadratus lumborum (with pelvis fixed)
What are the rotators of the Head and Neck Longus Colli, Obliquus Capitis Inferior, Obliquus Capitis Superior, Rectus Capitis Posterior Major, Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor, Splenius (capitis, cervicis), Sternocleidomastoid, Transversospinalis (semispinalis, rotatores)
What are the Flexors of the Trunk External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Psoas Major, Rectus Abdominis
What are the Extensors of the Trunk Erector Spinae (all) Transversospinalis (semispinalis, rotatores, interspinales)
What are the Lateral Flexors of the Trunk Erector Spinae (all), External Oblique, Internal Oblique,, Transversospinalis (intertransversarii), Psoas Major Quadratos Lumborum
What are the Rotators of the Trunk External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Transversospinalis (semispinalis, rotatores)
What are the contra lateral rotation of the spine Rotatores, Semispinalis, Multifidus, Sternoceidomastoid
What are the ipsilateral flexors Erector Spinae, Iliocostalis, Longissimus
What flexes the neck neck and head head neck flexion: Longus Coli, neck/head flexion: Longus Capitas, head flexion: Rectus Capitis Anterior
What muscle externally rotates the femur Psoas Major
What originates at TPs and lateral VBs, and inserts at the lesser trochanter of femur Psoas Major
What muscle unilaterally rotates and lateral flex to ipsilateral side or elevates and rotates scapula downward Levator Scapula
What muscles produce ipsilateral rotation Longissimus Capitus Suboccipitals (all together especially Oblique Capitus Inferior) Splenius Cervicis & Capitus
What are the Suboccipital Muscles Rectus Capitus Posterior (Major and Minor) Oblique Capitus Inferior Oblique Capitus Superior
What is the Rectus Capitus Posterior Minor Action head extension only
What is the Oblique Capitus Inferior Action head rotation only
True or False: the Oblique Capitus Inferior doesn't go to the occiput True
What muscles originate and insert SP to SP Interspinalis (not in thoracic region only cervicle and lumbar) Spinalis -thoracics and spinalis (C7 SP and nuchal ligament) not cervicis
What muscles originate and insert SP to TP Oblique Capitus Inferior
What muscles originate and insert TP to TP Intertransversarii (not in thoracic only cervicle and lumbar)
What muscles originate and insert TP to SP Rotatores-Long and Short(from TP to SP above, most prominent in thoracic) Semispinalis-Thoracics, Cervicis, Capitus Multifidus (originates from L4 TP's and sacrum, PSIS, L5 mamillary
The scalenes originate on the anterior tubercle of C3-C7 TP's which ribs do they insert on Anterior Scalene: 1st rib Middle Scalene: 1st rib Posterior Scalene: 2nd rib
What muscles originate and insert SP to nuchal line of occiput Splenius Capitis (inserts below superior nuchal line) Rectus Capitus Posterior Major (inserts at lateral aspect of inferior nuchal line) Rectus Capitus Posterior Minor originates at posterior tubercle of C1 and inserts at medial aspect of nuchal line)
What muscles originate and insert TP to nuchal line of occiput Semispinalis -Capitus and Spinalis, Oblique Capitus Superior (all insert between superior and inferior nuchal lines) Oblique Capitus Superior
There are 3 muscles in the Segmental Group (from one vertebrae to the next), what are they? Interspinalis Intertransversarii Rotatores (Long and Short)
There are 2 muscles in the Transversospinalis Group (originate laterally and move to midline), what are they Semispinalis -Thoracics, Cervicis, Capitus Multifidus
There are 3 muscles in the Erector Spinae Group (run parallel to spinal column), what are they Iliocostalis -lumborum, thoracis, cervicis Longissimus Spinalis
There are 2 muscles in the Splenius Group (longer muscles originating at the midline and run laterally and upward), what are they Splenius Cervicis Splenius Capitis
There are 4 Suboccipital Muscles, what are they Rectus Capitus Posterior Minor Rectus Capitus Posterior Major Oblique Capitus Inferior Oblique Capitus Superior
Arrange this list of muscles from most deep to most superficial: Posterior: Intertransversarii,Multifidus,Longissimus,Splenius,Quadratus lumborum; Anterior: Rectus capitus anterior, Longus capitis, Anterior Scalene, Sternocleidomastoid Posterior:Splenius,Intertransversarii, Longissimus, Quadratus lumborum, Oblique capitus inferior, Multifidus; Anterior: Anterior Scalene, Rectus capitus Anterior, Sternocleidomastoid, Longus capitus
Created by: AnatomyMash