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chapter 13-15 govt

QuestionAnswer
the ceremonial head of the govt chief of state
leader of the executive branch chief executive
director of the executive branch chief administrator
leader of nation's foreign policies chief diplomat
leader of the nation's armed forces commander in chief
main author of nation's public policies chief legislator
leader of the political party controlling executive branch chief of party
representative of all people chief citizen
presidential vacancy is filled presidential succession
fixed order of succession from pres->VP pres. succession act of 1947
choosing VP that will make pres. chance of getting elected stronger balance the ticket
one who cast formal votes for the pres. presidential elector
one of two votes cast electoral vote
group of people chosen from each state to vote electoral college
when party's voters choose their presidential nomination presidential primary
candidate who wins gets all delegates winner-take-all
a candidate gets a proportion of delegates = to their % vote proportional representation
when a party chooses who they want to rep their party caucus
meeting where major party members select ticket national convention
formal statement of principles platform
speech @ a nat. convention keynote address
someone who has not made mind up swing voter
either candidate could win battleground state
each state chooses electors district plan
each candidate gets electoral vote equal to his/her state popular vote proportional plan
abolish electoral college, replace w/ direct vote direct popular election
reform electoral system to accomplish direct vote national popular vote plan
views the president as an empower, has too much power imperial presidency
rules/regulations issued by the pres executive order
authority to issue executive orders ordinance power
allow pres. to refuse/provide info to congress/fed courts executive privilege
formal agreement between 2+ independent states treaty
pact between the pres/head of a foreign state executive agreement
act of acknowledging legal existence of a country recognition
unwelcomed person persona non grata
killing a bill by not acting on it pocket veto
power to cancel out specific parts, must be sent back & reviewed line-item veto
postponement of carrying out a criminal sentence reprieve
legal forgiveness pardon
power of mercy/leniency clemency
power to reduce a fine/length of a sentence commutation
blanket pardon amnesty
large administrative structure bureaucracy
person who works for a bureaucracy bureaucrat
collective name given to administrators administration
chain of command that goes from few on top to lots on bottom hierarchical authority
each worker has specialized jobs/responsibilities job specialization
work is guided by a large # of rules formalized rules
several separate agencies staffed by 900 of pres. assistants/advisers executive office of the president
detailed estimate of receipts federal budget
12 mo. period used by govt for record keeping fiscal year
all matters of a nation that are not connected by foreign affairs domestic affairs
one of 15 major departments in the executive branch executive department
nonmilitary civilian
title given to heads of executive apartment secretary
head of the Department of Justice attorney general
federal agency that operates independently independent agency
largest category of independent federal agencies independent executive agency
collective name given to majority of civilians who work directly for govt civil service
practice of handing out jobs/contracts/govt favors patronage
another name for patronage spoils system
required military service draft
one of 11 agencies that monitor the national economy independent regulatory commission
govt agency set up by congress to carry out business activities govt. corporation
set up foundation for modern system of hiring/promotion Pendleton civil service act of 1883
Created by: laurendehaas