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ChiroBoards2: bone

ChiroBoards2: bone stuff/terms/dx

Fx of 1st metacarpal = bennett's fx
fx. of the proximal ulna nightstick fx
fractured ulna with radial head displacement = Monteggia
fx; of the distal 1/3 of the radius with dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint = Galeazzi
Fx. of distal radius with posterior displacement of distal fragment = Colles
Fx. of distal radius with anterior displacement of distal fragment = Smith's
fx. of distal phalanx bedroom fx.
stress fx of 2nd, 3rd, or 4th metatarsal march fx
Transverse fx. at the proximal fifth metatarsal = Jones fx.
Spondy: Type I Dysplastic: congenital defect
Spondy: Type II Isthmic: fracture through the pars (M/C at L5)
Spondy: Type III Degenerative: DJD of the facet joint. (M/C at L4)
Spondy: Type IV Traumatic: fracture through pedicle
Spondy: Type V Pathological
Cho-Pat brace is used for what condition Osgood Schlatter's (tibial apophysitis)
Avulsion of the ischial tuberosities Rider's Bone
Horizontal fx through a single body and posterior arch = Chance, aka. seatbelt fx
Chance fx is most common at = L1-L3
Ipsilateral double vertical fracture of the superior pubic and ischiopubic rami, with SI joint dislocation or fracture Malgaigne
Fracture of iliac wing Duverny
Superior pubic ramus and ischiopubic junction fractures contra lateral to impact. Bucket Handle fx.
Bilateral double vertical fractures: Superior pubic rami and ischiopubic junctions = Straddle fx.
M/C dilocated carpal bone = lunate
associated with pie sign on xray lunate fx
2nd most dislocated carpal bone scaphoid
associated with terry thomas sign and signet ring sign scaphoid fx
compression deformity of the superior aspect of the humeral head = hill-sacks/hatchet deformity
avulsion of the inferior aspect of the glenoid rim bankhart lesion
wasp waist appearance and hypoplastic disc is present = congenital block
DDX between pedicle agenesis and lytic mets = pedicle agenesis has contralateral pedicle hypertrophy and sclerosis present on xray
failure of the center of the vertebral body to ossify properly butterfly vertebrae
failure of the lamina to fuse, elevated alpha fetoprotein and folic acid deficiency Spina Bifida
asymmetric articular planes, most common at L5/S1, Best seen on AP projection Facet Tropism
Spina bifida at S1 with L5 spinous enlargement, and pain on extension = Knife clasp syndrome
Shortened distal radius, asymmetric prominence of ulnar styloid, posterior subluxation of distal ulna Madelung's deformity
Calcification of the MCL = Pelligrini Steida
Calcification of the muscle belly, most commonly seen in the bicep and in the quads Myositis Ossificans
Most common location for an AAA = distal to the renal arteries
AAA sits in front of which vertebral bodies = L2-L4
Normal abdominal aorta can measure up to __________ cm 3.8 cm
Radiographic signs of AAA = Aortic dilation, curvilinear calcification, and fusiform appearance
most specific test for AAA MRA or angiogram
AAA = how many centimeters to cause referral to vascular specialist? how many to cause referral to ER!? 3.8-5cm ; Over 5.0cm
Special test for cholelithiasis = Ultrasound
MC benign tumor in females = Uterine Fibroid, aka fibroid cyst/Leiomyoma (tumor of smooth muscle)
M/C incidental finding on xray = phleboliths (calcifications within veins; asymptomatic)
Fat pad effusion indicates what bone fracture radial head fracture (seen on lateral view)
Created by: bglasman