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WWII Study Materials

Benito Mussolini- Fascist Dictator of Italy
Adolf Hitler- Chancellor and Dictator of Nazi Germany
Joseph Stalin- Premier of The Soviet Union
Winston Churchill- Prime Minister of War-time Great Britain
FDR- U.S. war-time president
Hideki Tojo- Japan's war-time prime minister
American isolationism- The U.S. policy of remaining neutral and uninvolved in foreign affairs
How did Germany “unify” with Austria? German troops marched into Austria unopposed
What did the Munich agreement state? That Germany would control the Sudetenland
Describe the nonaggression pact That Germany and The Soviet Union would not go to war with each other, and after the war would divide Poland
What was Hitler’s final solution? a plan to "exterminate" Jews
How did many American’s react to the thought of Jewish refugees coming into the U.S.? That they might take much-needed jobs, and anti-semitism ran high
Did FDR know about Hitler’s final solution? Yes
What was the cash and carry policy the U.S. held? That nations (Britain and France) could get arms from the U.S. as long as they paid cash, and transported them. *Kept U.S. out of war
Axis Powers- Germany, Italy, Japan
Allies- Great Britain, U.S., Soviet Union
Lend-lease plan- The U.S. was lending arms to countries (Britain) who were vital to the protection of democracy
What did FDR promise to Churchill with the Atlantic charter? An incident with Germany
What did the Japanese do to mislead the U.S. before Pearl Harbor? They continued peace negotiations as the attack on Pearl Harbor had already started
What was the date of the attack on Pearl Harbor? 12/7/1941
What did the U.S. know after they declared war on Japan (like who would join?) Germany would also declare war on them.
Why did the U.S. need to use a draft during WWII? They needed a lot of soldiers to fight a two-front war
What did the WAAC do for the armed forces? Served in non-combat positions such as; nurses, ambulance driers, radio operators etc.
Despite discrimination, what did many minorities decide to do during WWII? Joined the armed forces to help squash any discrminatory beliefs
What types of things did the U.S.’s industry do to help the war effort during WWII/ Converted many factories to produce war-time products
How did women and minorities help at home? They took over jobs of those soldiers who were overseas
What types of things were people rationing during the war? Sugar, fats, oils
Battle of the Atlantic- A battle marked by the sinking of British shipping that was won by the Allies by the use of sonar, convoys, and radar
Stalingrad- A house by house battle fought between Germany and the U.S.S.R. where the Soviet Union's success proved that Germany could be defeated.
Operation Torch- The Allied invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa
D-Day- (date and Omaha Beach) 6/6/1944
Battle of the Bulge- The last ditch effort of the German's to try and break Allied forces, which ended in a German defeat
Be able to describe what it was like coming off the landing craft on Omaha Beach- What would you see, hear, feel? Remember Saving Private Ryan
V-E day (date)- 5/8/1945
FDR’s successors name- Harry S. Truman
Doolittle’s Raid- A Pearl-Harbor Style attack on Tokyo, where the U.S. firebombed Tokyo
Battle of the Coral Sea- The first Japanese Invasion that had been stopped, it pushed the Japanese north of Australia and halted their expansion
Battle of Midway- A Battle marked by U.S. breaking Japanese codes, and attacking Japanese first in what was supposed to be an easy victory for the Japanese. Allied victory, and the loss of aircraft carriers was great for Japan.
Iwo Jima- "Sulfur-Island" was a heavily guarded Japanese island that was marked by Japanese tunnels, and the death of over 6,000 marines, and over 20,000 (only 200 Japanese survived) Japanese. Memorialized by flag-raising monument in D.C.
Okinawa- The last battle in the Pacific prior to the atomic bombing. 300 miles from the island of Japan, and essential for a U.S. land invasion. over 100,000 Japanese killed, and 7,000 U.S.
Zoot suiters Mexican-Americans who wore zoot suits (they had lots of extra fabric and were seen as unpatriotic)
Japanese Internment The relocation of over 120,000 Japanese immigrants and Japanese Americans
Created by: mooyork