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Ch 12 Imperialism

Spalding Academy 10th Grade 2012

QuestionAnswer
The killing of over 200 Westerners by a rebel group of Chinese nationals who rose up to “wipe out the foreign devils” Boxer Rebellion
A policy of joining the business interests of a country with its diplomatic interests abroad Dollar diplomacy
The large Navy that Roosevelt had tour around the nation to show of the U.S.’s military power Great White Fleet
The actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation Imperialism
Extreme nationalism marked by aggressive foreign policy Jingoism
A policy that allowed each foreign nation in China to trade freely in the other nations’ spheres of influence Open Door policy
A country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country Protectorate
An addition to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that if Europe tried to intervene in Latin American affairs that the U.S. would go to war Roosevelt Corollary
Section of a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers Sphere of influence
Type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers Yellow journalism
Explain the concept: “white man’s burden.” How was this concept expressed in American imperialist attitudes toward Hawaii, the Philippines, and Cuba? White man’s burden: white must take on the burden of civilizing/Christianizing non-white nations. HI: non-white population. Us needs sugar base. Takes over. Philippines: Can’t govern themselves. US wants naval base. Cuba: Has right to intervene
How does the U.S. acquire Hawaii? Us fruit planters want cheaper taxes. Overthrow HI gov’t. Put Queen Liliuokalani in prison. Dole in charge. 1899: US annexed HI
How did the sinking of the Maine provide the spark for the Spanish-American War? 1898 Maine sinks. US lives lost. Ammo below deck explodes. Cause: Spain, sabotage, or spontaneous combustion. US blames Spain. WAR!!
William Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer were two editors of major newspapers during the years leading up to the Spanish American War. Explain how they led America into war. Practiced yellow journalism. Exaggerated or made up stories to get US into war. Wanted to sell newspapers.
Owner of the New York Journal William Randolph Hearst
Owner of the New York World Joseph Pulitzer
Assassinated while in office William McKinley
Ran for president 3 times and was never elected William Jennings Bryant
Rough Rider who fought in Battle of San Juan Hill Theodore Roosevelt
Filipino revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo
Last Queen of Hawaii Liliuokalani
Cuban revolutionary leader Jose Marti
Led 4 warships into Tokyo Bay Matthew Perry
The three causes of the Spanish-American war were imperialist attitudes, yellow journalism, and the sinking of the Maine. True
Officials were absolutely sure that the Maine sunk because of the Spanish False, were NOT sure
Teddy Roosevelt became the president after McKinley died. The Republican party was very excited that he was their new president. False, not excited
After the U.S. defeated the Spanish, the Filipinos gladly took the Americans in as their ruler. False, hated the US
Before Roosevelt became president he was the leader of the group known as the Terrible Dozen, who took the battle at San Juan Hill. False , Rough Rider
After the Spanish-American War the United States found themselves with an empire consisting of, Guam, the Philippines, and Jamaica. False, not Jamaica
President McKinley was assassinated by an anarchist True
President McKinley was elected president in 1896 and 1900. true
President Roosevelt won a Noble Peace Prize for his excellent negotiation work between the Chinese and Koreans. False, Japan/Russia
President Roosevelt aided Panama in winning independence from Colombia. After their independence, the U.S. was able to buy rights to build the canal. True
Most of the workers on the Panama Canal died from malaria or tuberculosis. True
Created by: rejoyce431