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USH Progressives

reform movement that believed new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice and reforms; wanted to solve problems of the Gilded Age PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT
reformers made up of farmers who were concerned about rural and agricultural issues POPULISTS
reformers who were middle class and concerned about industrial and urban issues PROGRESSIVES
group who wanted to end capitalism and redistribute wealth in society while nationalizing (put in government's hands) American industry SOCIALISTS
reformer who led the American Railway Union, then went on to run for President as the American Socialist Party candidate EUGENE DEBS
allowing self rule for cities as a way to avoid corruption of state governments HOME RULE
regulation of Big Business; support for the poorest citizens; improvement of society's morals; eliminate government corruption REFORMS OF PROGRESSIVES
group of journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption, then published their finds in mass-circulation publications MUCKRAKERS
wrote Shame of Cities which brought attention to government corruption and political machines LINCOLN STEFFENS
wrote The History of Standard Oil which brought attention to the abuses of the Standard Oil trust IDA TARBELL
wrote The Jungle which exposed the horrors of the meatpacking industry UPTON SINCLAIR
wrote How the Other Half Lives which exposed the conditions in immigrant,slum neighborhoods JACOB RIIS
these programs included workers' unemployment, accident and health insurance, as well as social security SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS
whites and members of the Niagara Movement, under the leadership of W.E.B. DuBois, formed this group to fight discrimination and social injustice NAACP
established to defend Jewish population from physical and verbal attacks ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE
election ni which voters cast ballots to select nominees for upcoming elections (in the past, nominees were selected by party leadership) DIRECT PRIMARY
process by which citizens can propose new laws through petition (in the past this was only done by elected officials) INITIATIVE
procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office before the next election RECALL
this amendment provided for the direct election of United States Senators - in the past senators were chosen by state legislatures 17th AMENDMENT
President Roosevelt's program aimed at keeping the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor; also provided arbitration in labor disputes SQUARE DEAL
Congressional act that provided for inspection of meat packing plants, meat sold across state lines and a meat rating system MEAT INSPECTION ACT
Congressional act that imposed fines on railroads that gave special rates ELKINS ACT
Congressional act that strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission by allowing the ICC to set rates for railroads -government regulation of trade HEPBURN ACT
agency established by federal government to oversee interstate rail charges INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION
name given to President Roosevelt and his administration for actions against "bad" trusts and desire to regulate "good" trusts TRUSTBUSTERS
federal agencies created to manage the use of America's resources (esp. water and timber) and control industrial development - Roosevelt believed American should conserve AND use natural resources US FOREST SERVICE & NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
this established a graduated income tax 16th AMENDMENT
this established Prohibition in 1919, which banned the making, selling and transporting of alcoholic beverages in the US 18th AMENDMENT
President Roosevelt's program that called for greater regulation of business, an income and inheritance tax and electoral reforms NEW NATIONALISM
nickname for Roosevelt's Progressive Party platform which included tariff reductions, women's suffrage, tighter regulation of business, ending child labor, popular election of senators BULL MOOSE PLATFORM
Presidetn Wilson's program of enforcement of antitrust laws without threatening free economic competition NEW FREEDOM
this agency was created by the federal government to set fair trade laws and enforce antitrust laws FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
system of central banks where member banks keep some capital and cash (reserves); each reserve bank could lend money to members to prevent bank failures; allowed government to control amount of money in circulation FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
this Congressional act under President Wilson established the Federal Reserve system; considered most important piece of economic legislation prior to 1930's FEDERAL RESERVE ACT
this agency made loans available to farmers at lower rates than commercial banks would charge FEDERAL FARM LOAN BOARD
the right to vote SUFFRAGE
this group promoted temperance, the practice of never drinking alcohol, and pushed for laws to ban alcohol consumption WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION (WCTU)
leader of the women's suffrage movement; believed in "civil disobedience"; was arrested for voting SUSAN B ANTHONY
nonviolent protest of an unfair law by reusing to obey the law CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
leader of National American Woman Suffrage Association CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT
leader of National Women's Party ALICE PAUL
group that left National American Woman Suffrage Association due to the use of nationwide protests NATIONAL WOMEN'S PARTY
reason why suffrage movement gained support during WWI women became involved in the war effort
amendment which gave women the right to vote (suffrage) 19th AMENDMENT (1920)
process by which citizens can approve or reject a law through petition REFERENDUM
Created by: dotsspots