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Poli Sci Vocab 1-2

Stack #87195

Oligarchy a system of gov't in which a small group holds power
Political party group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct gov't, and determine public policy
Politics (many blood sucking creatures) the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of gov't
Preamble statement in constitution that sets forth the goals and purposes of gov't
Proletariet workers who produce the goods
Republic a gov't in which voters hold sovereign power; elected reps, responsible to the people, exercise that power
Social contract theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens
Socialism an economic system in which the gov't owns the basic means of production, distributes products &wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare
Sovereignty the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
State a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized gov't with the power to make and enforce laws without the approval of higher authority
Unitary system a gov't that gives all key powers to central or national gov't
Anarchy political disorder
Cede to yield
Embargo ann agreement prohibiting trade
Extralegal not sanctioned by law
Interstate Commerce trade among the states
Limited gov't a system in which the power of gov't is limited, not absolute
Ordinance a law
Ratify to approve
Representative gov't a system of gov't in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct gov't
Revenue money gov't collects from taxes or other sources
Seperation of Powers the division of power among the 3 branches of gov't
Unicameral single chamber legislature
Dictatorship rule of 1 or few, usually by force o
Parliamentary gov't executive and legislative in Parliament
Presidential gov't executive seperate from legislature
Autocracy a system of gov't in which the power belongs to one person
bourgeoisie capitalists who own the means of production
capitakusm an economic system proding free choices and individual ...something...for workers, investors, consumers, and entrepreneurs.
command economy an economic system where the goverment controls the production.
communism an economic system in which the central gov. driects all major economic decisions
confederacy a loose union of independant states
consensus and agreement about basic beliefs (i.e., Jess and Brooke have reached the consensus that while Brooke is stronger than Jess, Jess certainly dosen't trip as much)
Constitutional Gov. a gow in which a constitiution has authority to place clearly recognized limites on those who govern
constitutional law law that envolves the application of the us constitution and state constitution
democracy government in which the people rule
developing nation a nation only beginning to develop industrially
economics the study of "I want more"
federal system a gow that divides the power between the state and national level
free enterprise capitialisn
free market capitialism
government the institution in which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces decisions.
industrialized nation a nation with advanced industries and technologies,
lssez-faire govt hands off the economy
monarchy Supreme power of gov. by birthright
nation group of people bound by race, custom, tradition, or sometimes religion
nation state a country in which the territory of the nation and the state coincide
Created by: riderbreez