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unit 5 ap gopo

for ap government and politics

appropriation money that congress has allocated to be spent
bureaucracy departments, agencies, bureaus, and commissions in the executive branch of government
executive agreement an agreement between the president and the other head of state that, unlike a treaty, does not require senate consent
executive order presidential rule or regulation that has the force of law
executive privilege the privilege of a president and his staff to withhold their privileged conversations from congress or the courts
impeachment house action that formally charges an official with wrongdoing. conviction requires 2/3 vote from the senate
impoundment refusal of a president to spend money that has been appropriated by congress
judicial restraint philosophy that the courts should deer to elected lawmakers in setting policy, and should instead focus on interpreting law rather than making law
legislative oversight ongoing process of congressional monitoring of the executive branch to ensure that the latter complies with the law
line item veto power of most governors and President Clinton for only a few years to delete or reduce funding in a bill on a line by line basis
merit system system of hiring federal workers based upon competitive exams
patronage power to appoint loyal party members of federal positions
pocket veto presidential killing of a bill by inaction after congress adjourns
political appointees those who have received residential appointments to office. contrast with civil service employees, who receive federal jobs by competitive exams
pork barrel wasteful congressional spending e.g funding for a Lawrence Welk museum in North Dakota
reapportionment reallocation of house seats to the states on the basis of changes in state populations as determined by the census
red tape complex rules and procedures required by bureaucratic agencies
senatorial courtesy tradition in which the president consults with the senators within a state in which an appointment is to be made
seniority system tradition in which the senator from the majority party with the most years of service on a committee becomes the chairman of that committee
sunset laws laws that automatically expire after a given time
whistleblower an employee who exposes unethical or illegal conduct within the federal government or one of its contractors
writ of habeas corpus court order that the authorities show cause for why they are holding a prisoner in custody. deters unlawful imprisonment.
Created by: edgargfhs