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ORI'S VOCAB UNIT SIX
THE VOCABULARY TERMS AND PEOPLE IN UNIT SIX AND THEIR DEFINITIONS AND IMPORTANCE
|Marco Polo (1254-1324)
|Italian trader, he traveled to China and later wrote about his trip. During his time in China, he served as a government official in Kublai Khan's court.
|A fee that borrowers pay for the use of someone else's money.
|Cosimo de' Medici (1389-1464)
|Italian banker and leader of Florence, he wanted to make Florence the greatest city in the world. His actions helped bring about the Renaissance.
|The period of "rebirth" and creativity that followed Europe's Middle Ages.
|The study of history, literature, public speaking, and art that led to a new way of thinking in Europe in the late 1300s.
|Italian Renaissance poet, he wrote The Divine Comedy in the Italian language.
|Italian writer and politician, he wrote The Prince in which he advised leaders on how to rule.
|A method of showing a three-dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real.
|Italian Renaissance artist, he designed buildings, wrote poetry, and created sculptures and paintings.
|Leonardo da Vinci
|Genius of the Renaissance, he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, engineer, town planner, and mapmaker.
|Early Italian Renaissance scholar, he wrote about the importance of knowing history.
|German printer, he developed a printing press that used movable type.
|The combination of humanist and religious ideas.
|Dutch priest, he published In Praise of Folly in which he criticized corrupt clergy. His criticisms helped inspire the Protestant Reformation.
|German Renaissance artist, he is famous for his prints and woodcuts.
|Miguel de Cervantes
|Spanish writer, he wrote Don Quixote.
|English Renaissance writer and playwright, he is considered by many to be the greatest English writer of all time.
|A reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church that began in 1517; it resulted in the creation of the Protestant churches.
|A document given by the pope that excused a person from penalties for sins he of she had committed.
|In Catholic teaching, a place where souls go [to be cleansed of their sins] before going to heaven
|German priest credited with starting the Reformation, he nailed a list of complaints about the Catholic Church to a church door in Wittenburg, Germany.
|A Christian who protested against the Catholic Church.
|Christian Reformer, he taught about predestination, living good lives, and obeying God's laws.
|King Henry VIII
|King of England, he split with the Catholic Church and declared himself head of the Church of England, or Anglican Church.
|The effort of the late 1500s and 1600s to reform the Catholic Church from within; also called the Counter-Reformation.
|Ignatius of Loyola
|Spanish noble and saint, he founded the Society of Jesus, or the Jesuits.
|Members of a Catholic religious order created to serve the pope and the church.
|Jesuit priest and missionary, he introduced Catholicism to parts of India and Japan.
|A French Protestant.
|Edict of Nantes
|A decree issued in 1598 by King Henry IV that granted religious freedom in most of France.
|Thirty Years' War
|A series of wars that lasted from 1618 to 1648 that involved many of the countries of Europe.
|An assembly of people who belong to the church.
|The sharing of power between local governments and a strong central government
|A series of events that led to the birth of modern science; it lasted from about 1540 to 1700.
|A particular way of gaining knowledge about the natural world and the knowledge gained through the process.
|A well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observations.
|Ancient Greek astronomer and geographer, he studied the skies and made maps of the Mediterranean region.
|Someone who looks at the world in a reasonable and logical way.
|A forerunner of chemistry.
|Polish astronomer, his book On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres helped begin the Scientific Revolution.
|Danish astronomer of the Scientific Revolution, he emphasized the importance of careful observation.
|German astronomer, he proved that the planets orbit the sun.
|Italian scientist, he was the first scientist to routinely use experiments to test theories. He was placed on trial for supporting theories that contradicted Church teachings.
|Sir Isaac Newton
|English scientist, he studied and simplified the work of earlier scientists. He identified four laws that explained how the physical world works.
|A scientific instrument that measures air pressure.
|English philosopher, he argued that science could be pursued in a systematic, logical fashion. His ideas helped develop the scientific method.
|French philosopher, he believed that nothing should be accepted as true until proven. His ideas helped develop the scientific method.
|A step-by-step method for performing experiments and other scientific research.
|A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question.
|Referring to the cultures of ancient Greece or Rome.
|To change or influence.
|A way of doing something.
|A decision reached by two or more people or groups.
|Reasoned, well thought out.
|A series of steps taken to accomplish a task.
|Basic beliefs, rules, or laws.