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ChiroBoards2: Peds

ChiroBoards2: Pediatrics

1st teeth: time 6-8 months
First food: time 6 months
Assisted walking: time 10-14 months
Unassisted walking: time 12- 18 months
Talking: time 10-15 words at 18 months
umbilical cord falls off in how many days? 7-10
posterior fontanelle closes at 3 months
anterior fontanell closes at 2 years
depressed fontanelle indicates dehydration
bulging fontanell indicates increased intracranial pressure
APGAR score components Heart Rate, Respiration Rate, Color, Muscle tone, Reflex irritability
APGAR score: normal score 7-10
APGAR score: low score <5
Lanugo fuzzy hair on baby skin
Meconium 1st discharge from the intestine of newborns
Mongolian spots Bluish, ill-defined areas on buttock/scrotal region
premature baby time frame between 26-37th week
premature baby's birth weight less than 2500 grams
Vernix caseosa white cheesy substance on the baby's skin at birth
Caput Succedeum Baby's head unusual shape due to swelling of scalp; benign
Cradle cap seborrheic dermatitis in infant
Enuresis bedwetting
Erythroblastosis fetalis Hemolytic anemia caused by transfer of maternal antibodies to fetal RBCs
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: causes (3) delayed growth, microcephaly, retardation
Kwashiorkor Protein Malnutrition (ascites)
Leukemia: M/c cancer in (2) children and in down's syndrome
Marasmus general malnutrition
prickly heat: Miliaria (aka rash) from sweat glands
Prolapsed cord: risk of ? fetal suffocation
Vitamin K: does what for newborns? prevents hemorrhage
Rubella aka German measles, 3 day measles
Rubella: s&s maculopapular rash, mild fever
Rubella pregnancy risk: may result in birth defects if occurs in 1st trimester
Rubeola: s&s koplik spots, coryza (runny nose), buccal mucosa
Rubeola: progresses to and complicated by high fever with maculopapular rash; bronchopneumonia
Mumps mild disease located in the parotid glands and can produce orchitis
Croup barking cough; laryngeal spasm
Pertussis aka Whooping cough
Pertussis: orgo bordetella pertussis
Pertussis: most dangerous for: infants under 1 year of age
Pertussis: fatalities due to bronchopneumonia (death by anoxia)
Diphtheria: orgo corybacterium Diphtheria
Diptheria: sign gray pseudomembrane on the throat
Diphtheria: test Schick test
Scarlet Fever: orgo Group A Strep pyogenes
Scarlet Fever: associated signs and test strawberry tongue ; ASO titer
Roseola Infantum Rash starts on the trunk and goes to the extremities. Occurs at the break of a fever.
Landau Reflex Infant should attempt to raise head and arch the back when placed in prone position
Created by: bglasman