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Late Antique Art

Vocabulary (early christian, early jewish art)

Ambulatory a passageway around the apse or altar of a church
Apse the endpoint of a church where the altar is located
Atrium (plural: atria) a courtyard in a Roman house or before a Christian church
Axial plan (Basilican plan, Longitudinal plan) a church with a long nave whose focus is the apse, so-called because it is designed along an axis
Basilica In Christian architecture, an axially planned church with a long nave, side aisles, and an apse for the altar
Catacomb an underground passageway used for burial
Central Plan a church having a circular plan with the altar in the middle
Chalice a cup used in a Christian ceremony
Clerestory the third, or window, story of a church
Coffer in architecture, a sunken panel in a ceiling
Cubicula small underground rooms in catacombs serving as mortuary chapels
Gospels the first four books of the New Testament that chronicle the life of Jesus
Loculi openings in the walls of catacombs to receive the dead
Lunette a crescent-shaped space, sometimes over a doorway, that contains sculpture or painting
Narthex the closest part of the atrium to the basilica, it serves as vestibule, or lobby, of a church
Nave the main aisle of a church
Orant figure a figure with its hands raised in prayer
Spolia in art history, the reuse of architectural or sculptural pieces in buildings generally different from their original contexts
Synagogue a Jewish house of worship
Torah first five books of the Old Testament traditionally ascribed to Moses
Transept an aisle in a church perpendicular to the nave, where the clergy originally stood
Created by: jennylynnbird