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Roman Art

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Aqueduct an overground water system
Ashlar masonry carefully cut and grooved stones that support a building without the use of concrete or other kinds of masonry
Atrium (plural: atria) a courtyard in a Roman house or before a Christian church
Basilica in Roman architecture, a large axially planned building with a nave, side aisles, and apses
Bust a sculpture depicting a head, neck, and upper chest figure
Coffer in architecture, a sunken panel in a ceiling
Contrapposto a graceful arrangement of the body based on tilted shoulders and hips and bent knees
Cubiculum (plural: cubicula) a Roman bedroom flanking an atrium; in Early Christian art, a mortuary chapel in a catacomb
Cupola a small dome rising over the roof of a building; in architecture, a cupola is achieved by rotating an arch on its axis
Encaustic an ancient method of painting that uses colored waxes burned into a wooden surface
Foreshortening a visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space
Forum (plural: fora) a public square or market place in a Roman City
Fresco a painting technique that involves applying water-based paint onto a freshly plastered wall. The paint forms a bond with the plaster that is durable and long-lasting
Impluvium a rectangular basin in a Roman house that is placed in the open-air atrium in order to collect rainwater
Keystone the center stone of an arch that holds the others in place
Oculus a circular window in a church, or a round opening at the top of a dome
Peristyle an atrium surrounded by columns in a Roman house
Perspective depth and recession in a painting or relief sculpture
linear perspective objects shown in this achieve a three-dimensionality in the two-dimensional world of the picture plane
orthogonals all lines that draw the viewer back in space to a vanishing point
vanishing point a common meeting point of orthogonals (there may be more than one point in paintings)
atmospheric or aerial perspective Landscapes that give the illusion of distance
Pier a vertical support that holds up an arch or a vault
Spandrel a triangular space enclosed by the curves of arches
Vault a roof constructed with arches
Veristic sculptures from the Roman Republic characterized by extreme realism of facial features
Barrel vault a tunnel formed by an arch extended in space
Groin vault formed when two barrel vaults intersect at right angles
Created by: jennylynnbird
 

 



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