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HES Social Studies10

Ch 10 study guide 2012

1. An _____ is an addition or change to the Constitution. amendment
2. Antifederalist were a group of people who were not ______ with the constitution. happy
3. The ____ ______ ______ was a plan for national government where states would keep their freedom and independence. Articles of Confederation
4. A group of amendments to the Constitution was called the _____ ____ _____. Bill of Rights
5. A system to guard against any one branch of the ______ becoming too powerful was called checks and balances. government
6. A compromise is where each side gives up something to reach an _____. agreement
7. The Constitutional _______ was an assembly that replaced the Articles of Confederation. Convention
8. A _____ is a representative. delegate
9. The ______ branch of government is the part that carries out the laws. executive
10. The word _____ refers to the national government. federal
11. Federalists were formerly a nationalist group that wanted a ______ national government. strong
12. The Great Compromise was ______ compromise that Congress be made up of two parts called houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Sherman's
13. Inflation happens when prices rise very _____. quickly
14. The ______ branch of government is responsible for the court system. judicial
15. The ______ branch of governments is the part that passes laws. legislative
16. The plan that proposed that each state, regardless of size, have the same number of representatives in Congress was called the _____ ______ ______. New Jersey Plan
17. The Northwest Ordinance was an order that commanded that the Northwest Territories be _____ into smaller territories. divided
18. The _______ is the introduction to the Constitution. Preamble
19. To ratify something is to ______ it. approve
20. Reserved powers are those left strictly to _____ governments. state
21. Seperation of powers means that each branch of the government has different and seperate ______. powers
22. Shay's Rebellion was a movement by ______ to protest high taxes. farmers
23. THE FEDERALIST was a series of ______ written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay to educate people about the Constitution. essays
24. The Three-Fifths Compromise said the three out of every five _____ would be counted for population and taxation. slaves
25. To ______ means to refuse to sign into law. veto
26. The _______ ______ was a plan that proposed that Congress should be given much greater power over the states. Virginia Plan
27. _______ _______ organized Massachusetts farmers in a rebellion against the state's government. Daniel Shays
28. The Constitutional Convention took place in ________. Philadelphia
29. A record of the debates at the Constitutional Convention ws kept by ______ ______. James Madison
30. One contributor to THE FEDERALIST papers was ______ ______ of New York. John Jay
31. In 1787, Congress decided how areas in the ______ ______ could become states. Northwest Territory
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