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Westward Expansion

VA SOL 6th Grade

What was the Louisiana Purchase? Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.
What did Lewis and Clark do? In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
How did the U.S. get Florida? Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty.
How did the U.S. get Texas? Texas was added after it became an independent republic.
How did the U.S. get the Oregon territory? The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain.
How did the U.S. get California? War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States
What land factors influenced westward migration? Availability of cheap, fertile land Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe)
What economic factors influenced westward migration? gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves)
What technology factors influenced westward migration Cheaper and faster transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats
What people factors influenced westward migration Population growth in the eastern states
What belief factor influenced westward migration Belief in the right of “Manifest Destiny”—The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country
What was Manifest Destiny? A belief that expansion was for the good of the country and was our right
Name two overland trails used during westward expansion. Oregon Trail and Santa Fe Trail
Who invented the cotton in? Eli Whitney
How did the cotton gin affect American lives? It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
What did Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson do? They invented the reaper.
Who was Jo Anderson? He was a slave who helped develop the reaper.
Who was Jo Anderson? He was a slave who helped develop the reaper.
How did the reaper affect American lives? The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer.
Who invented the steamboat? Robert Fulton
How did the steamboat affect American lives? It provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries.
How did the steam locomotive affect American lives? It provided faster land transportation
What were the main ideas expressed by the abolitionists? Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong. • Morally wrong • Cruel and inhumane • A violation of the principles of democracy And that slaves should be freed immediately
Name three important abolitionists. Harriet Tubman William Lloyd Garrison Frederick Douglass
What were the main ideas of the suffrage movement? Women were denied the right to? • Denied the right to vote • Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education • Denied equal opportunities in business • Limited in rights to own property
Supporters declared that... “All men and women are created equal.”
21. When did the suffrage movement begin? Before the Civil War
22. Who were three important leaders of the suffrage movement? Isabel Sojourner Truth Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Created by: Mrs. Estes