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GJ Airline Terms

Airline Terminology

QuestionAnswer
A/C (Aircraft) Vehicle that can fly, i.e. airplane, helicopter or glider
ACM Additional Crew Member (Jumpseat rider)
AFT Rear/back of the airplane
AGENT Company employee concerned w/handling of ground phases of flight operations
AIR CARRIER Commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers
AIRFOIL Any surface, such as an airplane wing, designed to obtain reaction from the air thru which it moves
AIR POCKET Condition in the atmosphere than can cause an airplane to loose altitude quickly.
AIRSPEED Velocity of an aircraft
ALIEN Non-US citizen
ALT Alternate airport
ALTIMETER Instrument that measures the height of an aircraft above sea level (in feet)
ALTITUDE Height of which the Aircraft flies above sea level
AOG Aircraft on Ground (Grounded due to maintenance)
ATC (AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL) Controle of local air traffic in the vicinity of an airport by the FAA
AUXILIARY POWER UNIT (APU) A separate engine on board the aircraft that provides power to the entire aircraft.
BANK -To incline the aircraft at an angle while turning left or right -A number of flights leaving a Hub city during a short period of time
BEVERAGE CART Trolley used to serve beverages
BID HOLDER Flight attendant awarded a line of flying for a particular month
BID SHEET Form used to bid on a line of flying for a particular month
BLOCK-TO-BLOCK Interval of time beginning when aircraft pulls away from gate and ends when aircraft comes to complete stop at gate at arrival city
BOARDING PASS Doc that permits passenger to board the aircraft and claim a specific seat, not all airlines issue boarding passes
BOW (BASIC OPERATING WEIGHT) The weight of an empty aircraft, plus the weight of the crew, fuel, oil, necessary publications
BULKHEAD Any dividing wall in the cabin of the aircraft
BUMP Practice of denying boarding to a confirmed passenger on an overbooked flight
CABIN Interior of aircraft where passengers are seated
CANCELLED FLIGHT Originally scheduled flight cancelled due to poor weather, mechanical trouble or lack of equipment
CAPT or CA (CAPTAIN) Pilot who's in command of the flight, sits in the left seat in the cockpit, uniform has 4 stripes on the end of the sleeves
CARRY-ON BAGGAGE Small personal items passengers elect to carry in the cabin during flight, limits 2 per passenger
CEILING Distance from the ground to the underside of the clouds
CFR 1- Crash-Fire-Rescue Emergency Equipment 2- Code of Federal Regulations
CHARTER FLIGHT Aircraft & crew leased by a company for an unscheduled flight
CHOCKS Blocks placed in front and behind aircraft tires to prevent rolling in the ramp gate area
CITY CODE 3 letter designation given to airport cities
CITY PAIR Departure & arrival cities
COCKPIT Aka flight deck, where pilot sits
COMAIL/COMAT Company Mail/Company Materials
CONCOURSE Area of terminal where gates are located, where aircraft arrive/depart from gate and load/deplane passengers
CONNECTION/CONNECTING FLIGHT Flights that require a change of aircraft at an intermediate point before arriving at final destination, aka "transfer"
CREW REST Required rest period by a crew after a completed trip
CREW SCHEDULING Dept responsible for assigning & keeping track of all flight crews
DBA Doing Business As
DEADHEAD Transportation of a crew member from 1 point to another in order to cover a trip or return to home base
DELAY Flight operating later than scheduled
DESTINATION Stopping place where journey concludes
DIRECT FLIGHT Flight which may make an intermediate stop or stops before reaching its final destination but requires NO change of aircraft
DIVE Steep descent
DOMICILE City/station where crew member is based
DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION) Gov't agency responsible for economic concerns of the transportation industry
DOWNLINE Next station/stations in line of the flight's scheduled routing
EQUIPMENT Actual aircraft
ETA (ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL) Time estimated for aircraft to arrive
ETD (ESTIMATED TIME OF DEPARTURE) Time estimated for the aircraft to depart
F/A (FLIGHT ATTENDANT) Assists passengers in safety & service onboard any aircraft seating more than 20 ppl
F/A JUMPSEAT Collapsible seat in cabin for FA to sit during takeoff & landing
FAA (FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION) Govt agency that regulates safety of airline operations thru specific Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs)
FERRY FLIGHT Flight operated w/out revenue passengers, cargo or mail.. used to move aircraft to a different city to either begin a flight or undergo maintenance
FLIGHT Movement of an aircraft from one location to another as a scheduled flight, extra section, ferry flight, test flight or training flight
F/O (FIRST OFFICER) Pilot who sits in right seat of cockpit, uniform has 3 stripes on end of sleeve
FLOOR LEVEL EXIT All aircraft doors are floor level exits and are used as emergency exits
FUSELAGE Central body portion of aircraft accomodates the payload on the aircraft
FWD (FORWARD) Front of the aircraft towards the cockpit
GALLEY Designated area where beverages/meals are served
GATE Area in terminal building where passengers gather before boarding an aircraft
GATEWAY Last departure point from a country before arriving in another country
GPU (GROUND POWER UNIT) Ground support equipment used to supply on board power (lights, heat, a/c, etc) to the aircraft
GROUND SPEED Speed of an aircraft with reference to the surface of the earth
GSC (GROUND SECURITY COORDINATOR) Employee charged w/overall responsibility of security related issues while aircraft is on the ground
HOLDING Flight that is waiting for instructions to either takeoff, land or park at an available gate
INBOUND Aircraft coming into/arriving at a city
ILS (INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEMS) System of navigational radios used for guiding aircraft during unfavorable weather conditions such as fog
INOPERATIVE (INOP) Not functioning
INTERLINE When the routing from origin to destination requires 2 or more different air carriers to accommodate the passenger to their final destination
INTERLINE CONNECTION Changing from a flight of one carrier to a flight of another carrier
INTERMEDIATE STATION Scheduled stop or stops between the originating city and the final destination
ISC (INFLIGHT SECURITY COORDINATOR) Captain of the flight who is charged w/overall responsibility of security related issues while the aircraft is in flight
JUMPSEAT Collapsible seat in the cockpit occupied by authorized personnel
JUMPSEAT AUTHORITY Authorization given to crew members and other eligible personnel to travel in the jumpseat
JUMPSEAT RIDER Authorized personnel occupying the jumpseat
KNOT Velocity of one nautical mile per hour
LAYOVER -Time spent on the ground between flights when passenger's itinerary involves a connection -Time spent downline between flight (crew rest)
LEG OF FLIGHT Refers to each flight of the passenger or crew member itinerary
LEGALITIES Rules & regulations used to establish flying times & rest periods
LINE OF FLYING Series of flights sequenced together to produce a monthly work schedule
LOCAL PASSENGER Customer who boards the aircraft at the originating station
MAAS (MEET & ASSIST) Request for ground personnel to meet & assist a passenger
NO-SHOW Traveler who doesn't show for flight on which he has a reservation & fails to cancel, after which the airlines will canx all further flights on that traveler's itinerary
NRMR (NON-REVENUE MUST RIDE) Airline employee traveling positive space on a MUST RIDE status. This crew member needs to travel from one point to another to cover a trip or return to home base
NRPS (NON-REVENUE POSITIVE SPACE) Airline employee traveling on business holding a confirmed reservations
NRSA (NON-REVENUE SPACE AVAILABLE) Airline employee traveling for personal reasons, if space is available
NON-STOP FLIGHT Flight that takes off at your origin point & does not land until reaches your final destination point
NTSB (NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD) Gov't agency that investigates & reports for accidents and recommends solutions to the FAA
OAL Other airline
OFFLINE Traveling via another airline or a combination of other airlines
ONLINE When travel involved only one carrier
OPEN TIME Any flight time that is not assigned to a crew member
ORIGIN (ORIGINATING STATION) City where the flight begins
OUTBOUND Aircraft that would be departing from a city
OVERBOOKING Practice of an airline to confirm more seats on an aircraft than are actually available, designed to protect the airlines from no-shows
OVERHEAD BINS Storage compartments located over the seats inside an aircraft cabin
OVERSALE Situation which occurs when a customer has a confirmed reservation and a valid ticket but is not accommodated on the flight
PAX/PSGR (PASSENGER) Customer who travels on a scheduled airline flight
PASSENGER COUPON The last coupon of an airline ticket. Coupon is clearly marked & serves as the passenger record for expense reports.
PAWOB (PASSENGER ARRIVING WITHOUT BAGGAGE) Passenger checked baggage at his origin city, but due to airline error, baggage did not show up on flight
PAYLOAD Total weight of passengers & cargo carried on aircraft
RAMP Area adject to the terminal bldg for aircraft loading & unloading
RECURRENT TRAINING Required annual training to review regulations, policies, procedures & changes
REISSUE/REROUTE Rewriting of an existing ticket due to a change in fare, class of service, or routing
RESCHEDULED FLIGHT Change to a crewmembers assigned flight or flights due to unforeseen circumstances, i.e. cancellations, mechanicals, etc
RESERVE CREW Flight crew member on standby for duty
RESERVE SCHEDULE OR RESERVE DAYS Month or day schedule requiring a crew member to be available on a "stand-by" basis in the event of unforeseen scheduling emergencies
RON Remains overnight
ROUTING How travel is arranged between origin and destination
RUNWAY Area used for landing and takeoff of an aircraft
ST. ELMOS'S FIRE Build up of electrical charge on the airplane
SCHEDULED FLIGHT Flight identified w/a flight number and is published in the timetable to originate & terminate at specific stations & times
SEQUENCE Series of flights paired together to produce a daily work schedule
STANDBY Traveler who doesn't have a confirmed reservation and must wait at the airline gate for a seat to become available
STATION Airport office in a city served by GoJet Airlines
STOP/STOPOVER Intermediate stopping point on a journey, whether voluntary or involuntary
STOW To secure baggage into a safe location in flight
TAXI To operate an aircraft under its own power on the ground, except when involved in takeoffs or landings.
TAXI WAY Paved areas connecting the ramp to the runway
TERMINATING STATION City where the flight ends
THRU PASSENGER Passenger who has boarded the aircraft at a previous station & remains on board at the intermediate stop to continue on the flight to its destination
TRANSFER Flights requiring a change of aircraft at some intermediate point before arriving at the final destination. This change can be either online or interline. Also referred to as "connection".
TSA Transportation Security Adminstration
TURN AROUND Aircraft or flight that is used to operate into a city & originate as a new flight number out of that city
UNACCOMPANIED MINOR Children under the age of 12 traveling by themselves, without an adult
WAKE TURBULENCE The disturbance in the air caused by the passage of an airfoil
ZULU TIME Standard world time, based on the local time at the Prime Meridian. Used by APOLLO for inputting flight times
Created by: enwr