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Chlamydia

Gram - Obligate Anaerobes

QuestionAnswer
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Forms Elemental Bodies (EB): Infectious extracellular form; Reticulate Form (RB): Obligate Intracellular form
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Labs PCR for identification
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Toxins Can surivie in macrophages or epithelial cells, but are killed by PMNs
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Diseases Atypical ("walking") pneumonia, Bronchitis
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Treatment Doxycycline or erythromycin
Chlamydia pneumoniae: Transmission Respiratory droplets
Chlamydia psittaci: Forms EB and RB
Chlamydia psittaci: Labs Serology for identification
Chlamydia psittaci: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide; Can survive in macrophages and epithelial cells, but is killed by PMNs
Chlamydia psittaci: Diseases Atypical pneumonia, Hematogenous spread--> variety of infections
Chlamydia psittaci: Treatment Doxycycline, erythromycin, azithromycin
Chlamydia psittaci: Transmission Birds and poultry reservoir
Chlamydia trachomatis: Forms EB and RB
Chlamydia trachomatis: Labs ELISA or PCR
Chlamydia trachomatis: Toxins Lipopolysaccharide; Can survive in macrophages or epithelial cells, but is killed by PMNs
Chlamydia trachomatis: Diseases Urethritis, epididymitis, and Proctitis in males; Cervicitis, Endometritis, Salpigitis, and PID in females; Lymphogranyuloma Verereum, Trachoma, Neonatal Inclusion conjunctivitis and atypical pneumonia; Can be associated with Reiter's Syndrome
Chlamydia trachomatis: Treatment Doxycycline, Erythromycin; Treat the sexual partner
Chlamydia trachomatis: Transmission Sexual contact; Vertical transmission at birth
Created by: vmed