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CE C&G II (b)

Civics and Government

QuestionAnswer
Reserved Powers Powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Delegated Powers Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Concurrent Powers Powers that the Constitution gives to both the national and state governments, such as the power to levy taxes.
Judicial Process 1. Initial Appearnce 2. Preliminary Hearing (sometimes Grand Jury instead of prelim hearing) If arraignment hasn't already occurred, it would happen here. 3. Pre-trial motions 4. Selecting a Jury 5. Trial Process 6. Post Trial Process
Patriot Act This contraversial 2001 law allows anti-terrorism authorities to monitor e-mail and Internet traffic in order to prevent terrorist attacks. The government argues that cyberspace is public domain and that no warrants should be needed to access information.
Naturalization The legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
Annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
Zoning Dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing.
Political Parties Organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices.
Precincts Voting districts
Political Spectrum Left: Radicals, Liberals. Center: Moderate. Right: Conservatives, Reactionaries: the range of political views within a political spectrum.
Political Platform A document stating the aims and principles of a political party.
Plank An endorsed policy in the platform of a political party.
Canvass An inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people.
Straight Ticket Voting Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
Split Ticket Voting Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election.
Third Parties Political parties that are smaller than the two major parties and introduce new ideas or press for a particular issue.
Referendum The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Initiative Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters.
Created by: sweitzern2