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Egypt Goroza

Egypt notecards

Cataract a large waterfall or steep rapids
delta a triangular plain at the mouth of a river, formed when sediment is deposited by flowing river
silt a fine soil found on river bottoms
papyrus an early form of paper made from a redlike plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta
pharaoh a king of Ancient Egypt
dynasty a series of rules from the same family
absolute power complete control over someone or something
regent someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
afterlife a life after death
mummy a dead body preserved in a life like condition
pyramid a huge building with four slopping triangle shaped sides, built as a royal tomb in Egypt
Giza an ancient Egyptian city, site of the great pyramid
Astronomer a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
calendar 365 days; used to predict when Nile would flood
Old Kingdom 2575 B.C. pharaohs kept peace and traded with Nubia
Middle Kingdom 2130 B.C. early rulers restored order and reunited the country
New Kingdom 1472 B.C. Egyptian princes became strong enough to drive out the foreign invaders
Nubia an ancient region in the Nile River Valley
Kemet Egyptians called their land Kemet, "the black land" because of the dark soil from floods
Hatshepsut took on all responsibilities of a pharaoh
How was the brain extracted from the mummy? a hook was inserted through the nose in order to pull it out and soaked in water to dissolve.
Which part of the body was not removed and why? The heart to "weigh" (in afterlife), which was used to determine whether they were granted immortality depending on if it was lighter than a feather. (proved they were pure and did no sins)
How were the people affected by religion? Everything they did in life was affected by their religion. (i.e. their way of life, etc.)
Why was the Nile important to the people of Egypt? It supplied the people with life, by water, food, transportation, etc.
How did we learn how to read hieroglyphics? Rosetta Stone. (see "Rosetta Stone")
Who united Upper and Lower Egypt? idk
Created by: gorozae