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Sheet #11

1910-1920 (Grade 11)

Federal Reserve Act Manages the nation's money supply. This act helped stabilize the banking system and make more money available for loans.
16th Amendment Allowed for a graduated income tax on all American workers.
17th Amendment Direct election of U.S. Senators
Clayton Anti-Trust Act Labor unions were no longer subject to anti-trust legislation. Unions were not monopolies and had a right to exist.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal agency with the power to issue cease-and-desist orders to any corporation engaged in an illegal activity (Inaccurate Labeling).
Direct Primary 2/3 of state adopted the direct primary. (Candidates campaign prior to a nomination to run for the presidency)
Keating-Owen Act (Deemed Unconstitutional) Federal Act prohibiting the transportation of goods produced with child labor across state lines.
Bunting v. Oregon Supreme Court ruling that upheld a state law providing for a 10 hr work day for men.
19th Amendment Women gain the Constitutional right to vote (SUFFRAGE).
Suffrage The right to vote, especially in a political election.
Missionary Diplomacy Wilson: United States had a moral responsibility to deny recognition to any Latin America government it viewed as oppressive.
Sinking of the Lusitania German U-Boat sunk British ocean liner containing 128 American passengers.
The leading reason the U.S. joined WWI U.S. banks loaned 2.3 billion dollars to allies.
Zimmerman Note Direct message meant to bring Mexico into WWI on the side of Germany in the event that the U.S. were to join WWI. Short term reason to join WWI
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare German U-Boats sink all enemy crafts regardless of whether or not they are military ships (Sink 7 US merchant ships in 1917) LAST STRAW!!!
Russian Revolution Russia overthrows monarchy and becomes democratic. During Wilson's war message to congress he states "This world must be made safe for democracy". A short term reason to enter WWI.
Wilson's 14 Points Wilson's plan to end war and create lasting peace. THE GOAL was calling for a league of nations.(US SENATORS REFUSED TO PASS) fear of being brought into more European conflicts
Treaty of Versailles Treaty ending war with Germany. Germany had to assume responsibility to causing the war. This required them to pay reparations.
Reason why U.S. did not sign Treaty of Versailles Fear of being brought into further European conflicts.
War Industries Board (WIB) Government agency encouraged industry to mass produce items such as ships.
Great Migration African Americans moved from the south to the north. (Economic opportunities in northern factories and to escape Jim Crow laws).
Schenck v. United States Ruled in favor of the Espionage Act. Citizens do not have unlimited right to the free speech in the event that it presents a "clear and present danger". (Cant yell fire in a movie theater)
Progressive Era Reformers Support: 1.Regulation on Big Business 2.Social Reforms (Sanitation,Meat Inspection, and Housing Conditions)
Henry Cabot Lodge American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts.He is best known for his positions on foreign policy, especially his battle with President Woodrow Wilson in 1919 over the Treaty of Versailles.
U.S. foreign policy before WWI Neutral
Assembly Line Used for the first time by Ford Motor Company (Henry Ford) kept costs low
11-11-11hr WWI ends
National War Labor Board Established by Wilson in order to deal with disputes between labor and management. MORE GOVERNMENT CONTROL ON BUSINESS
Espionage & Sedition Acts Set fines and prison terms up to 20 years for anyone who interfered with the draft,sale of war bonds, or said anything disloyal about government.
Created by: Mr.Callahan