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History Section

Enclosure Movement When large companies bough out all of the small farmers land so they could maximize production
Domestic System Idea developed by entrepeneurs to have work done in the country side where auplies are given to rural families so they can do work at home
Factory System Brought machines and people to work in the same place in order to manufacture goods and products
Urbinization Bringing people to cities as apposed to bringing the products to t he countryside.
Bessemer Process Blasting cold air into steel to purify it and make it stronger
Puddling Process Developed by Cort, in which molten iron is stirred with a long rod to allow impurities to burn own
Interchangeable Parts Where all parts are made exacly the same in order to make repairs easier, developed by Eli Whitney
Assembly Line Introduce by Henry Ford in 1914. Each person has one job to assemble a part, as the product moves down a line
Mass Production Enabled by assembly line, and interchangeable parts, to meet the needs of the growing population
Vertical Integration A monopoly of the companies that lead to a final product .
Effects of Industrialization People moved to the cities, populations rapidly grew and more people had become wage earners as apposed to self employed workers and artisans
Population Explosion Was caused by improvement of diets during the agricultural revolution as well as medical discoveries and better public sanitation.
Problems of Growing Cities Living conditions grew worse, disease spread in overcrowded city slums, inadequate water and sanitation system
Factory Work Days Lasted from 12 to 16 hours 6 days a week, with no leaves. Very unhealthy and dangerous places to work
Woman and Children In high demand because the worked for lower wages, children started work at as young as 5 years old.
Beneficiaries of the Industrial Revolution The middle class benefited the most from the revolution
Factory Act Passed in 1833, which limited the working day for children. Kids ages 9 to 13 could not work for more than 8 hours a day and for kids 14 to 18 the limit was 12 hours a day.
Mines Act Passed in 1842, Making it illegal for women to work in mines as well as 13 the minimum age for hiring boys
Ten Hours Act All women and children under 18 could not work for more than 10 hours. In 1874, the ten hour day was extended to all workers
Labor Unions Associations of workers joined to get better wages, hours and working conditions. Sought of as dangerous by the government
Combination Act (made) Passed in 1799 and 1800 by parliament outlawing labor unions
Combination Act (revoked) The combination act was repealed in the 1820's although workers weren't allowed to picket or strike
1914 Workers enjoyed better stander of living, as well as their children who had free public schools and better living conditions.
The Scientific Revolution Followed the Industrial Revolution where many inventions and scientific knowledge was gained
Space Exploration Began in October 1957 when the Soviet Union Launched the first satellite, Sputnik I
Explorer I The first American space craft sent into orbit in 1958
Yuri Gagarin First person sent into orbit, in 1961
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin First Men on the mood, were in Apollo 11
Voyager II First ship out of solar system
Computer Revolution Started during the 1940's after Howard Aiken developed the first workable digital computer.
Transistors Developed in 1947, devices used to control little electrical currents.
Antibiotics Developed after Alexander Flemming discovered that penicillin kills bacteria
Vaccines Developed in the late 1700's to fight viruses, however viruses had never been seen before the electron microscope was invented in the 1930's.
Rachel Carson Author of "A Silent Spring"
Green Revolution When crop products were tripled by new advances in farming technology
Created by: dbeckerm