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NP AICP People

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Wrote Man and Nature 1864 George Perkins Marsh
Wrote Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States 1878 John Wesley Powell
Founded Sierra Club in 1892 John Muir
Established Inland Waterway Commission in 1907 Theodore Roosevelt
26th President in 1901 Theodore Roosevelt
Staunch supporter of the Conservation Movement Theodore Roosevelt
America's first professionally trained forester Gifford Pinchot
Leader of the Conservation Movement Gifford Pinchot
Advocated for the preservation and scientific management of natural resources Gifford Pinchot
First Director of the U.S. Forest Service in 1905 Gifford Pinchot
Wrote The Last Landscape in 1959 William Whyte
Coined the term "greenway" William Whyte
Wrote pioneering study on conservation easements William Whyte
Wrote Silent Spring in 1962 Rachel Carson
Established first National Wildlife Refuge 1903 Theodore Roosevelt
Concentric Ring Theory 1925 Ernest Burgess
Sector Theory 1939 Homer Hoyt
Multiple Nuclei Theory 1945 Chauncey Harris and Edward Ullman
Bid Rent Theory 1960 William Alonso
City as Growth Machine Theory 1987 John Logan and Harvey Molotch
Designed Central Park in NYC 1851 Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. and Calvert Vaux
Designed Denver's Parks and Parkways System 1906 Charles Mulford Robinson and George Kessler
Drafted A State Park Plan for New York 1923 Robert Moses
Influential in the establishment of State Council of Parks 1923 Robert Moses
Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG) implemented under his administration Jimmy Carter
Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG) phased out under his administration Ronald Reagan
Empowerment/Enterprise Zones created under his administration Bill Clinton
Signed legislation creating the National Trust for Historic Preservation Harry Truman
Wrote Chicago Plan 1909 Daniel Burnham and Edward Bennett
Coined the term "Radiant City" Le Corbusier
Wrote Disappearing City 1932 Frank Lloyd Wright
Coined the term "Broadacre City" Frank Lloyd Wright
Prior to WWII low density development he advocated for an auto-oriented sprawl Frank Lloyd Wright
Wrote Urbanism as a Way of Life 1938 Louis Wirth
Pioneered the development of indoor shopping malls in the 1950's James Rouse
Used the model of a colonial village to build the planned community of Columbia Maryland in the 1960's James Rouse
Rejuvenated dying downtowns by introducing festival market places James Rouse
Planned/built Fanueil Hall in Boston James Rouse
Planned/built Inner Harbor in Baltimore James Rouse
Planned/built South Street Seaport in NYC James Rouse
Wrote Image of the City Kevin Lynch
Wrote Death and Life of Great American Cities 1961 Jane Jacobs
Advocated for a mix of uses & short blocks & pedestrian-scale development Jane Jacobs
Planned Arcosanti development in Arizona Paulo Soleri
Advocate for underground mega-structures Paulo Soleri
Wrote The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces 1980 William Whyte
Planned Seaside Florida 1982 Andres Duany
Advocate for new urbanism or neotraditional design Andres Duany
Wrote Making City Planning Work 1985 Allan Jacobs
Wrote Great Streets 1995 Allan Jacobs
Wrote Edge Cities 1991 Joel Garreau
Wrote Edgeless Cities 2002 Robert Lang
Planned Philadelphia PN in late 1600's as rectangular grid William Penn
Planned Annapolis MD in 1695 Francis Nicholson
Planned Williamsburg VA Francis Nicholson
Planned Washington DC in 1710 applying principles of monumental design Pierre L'Enfant
Planned Savannah GA featuring a central public square in 1733 James Oglethorpe
Planned Detroit MI in 1807 with plan that was never fully realized utilizing interlocking hexagons Judge Woodward
Cointed the term "Garden City" Ebenezer Howard
Planned Riverside IL in 1868 as a garden suburb Frederick Law Olmsted Sr and Calvert Vaux
Built first safety elevator in 1857 in NYC to make high-rise buildings feasible Elisha Otis
Planned Forest Hill Gardens in Long Island NY in 1911 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.
Mariemont Ohio's founder and benefactor Mary Emery
Planned Mariemont OH John Nolen
Planned Sunnyside Gardens in Queens NY 1924-1928 Clarence Stein and Henry Wright
Planned Radburn New Jersey inspired by Ebenezer Howard's Garden CIty in 1928 Clarence Stein and Henry Wright
Developed the model that changed house building using production building or assembly line style of house building Alfred and William Levitt
Designed World's Columbian Exposition fairgrounds using principles of the City Beautiful movement Daniel Burnham
Two proponents of monumental design Pierre L'Enfant and Daniel Burnham
Founded Hull House in Chicago 1889 Jane Addams
Wrote How the Other Half Lives 1890 Jacob Riis
Wrote Children of the Poor 1892 Jacob Riis
Photojournalist who provided a stimulus to housing reform with the publication of two books Jacob Riis
Helped draft the 1901 Tenement House Law Lawrence Veiller
Housing reformer in NYC who wrote Housing Reform in 1910 Lawrence Veiller
Social worker and housing reformer who was active in the settlement movement in NYC Mary Simkhovitch
Founded Greenwich House in Greenwich Village NYC 1902 Mary Simkhovitch
Wrote Modern Housing 1934 Catherine Bauer Wurster
Section 8 housing established during his administration Richard Nixon
Manufactured Housing Improvement Act enacted during his administration Bill Clinton
Planned/built Pullman Illinois 1880-1884 George Pullman
U.S. Resettlement Administration director Rexford Tugwell
Promoted his concept in part to overcome the social inequalities and economic inefficiencies of urban areas Ebenezer Howard
Wrote Garden Cities of Tomorrow 1898 Ebenezer Howard
Wrote about neighborhood unit in Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs 1929 Clarence Perry
Cleveland's Planning Director 1969-1979 Norman Krumholz
Proponent of equity planning Norman Krumholz
Father of regional planning Patrick Geddes
Wrote Cities in Evolution 1915 Patrick Geddes
Wrote New York City Zoning Code 1916 Edward Bassett
Used a cumulative approach to zoning Edward Bassett
First full-time planner employed by an American city 1916 Harold Bartholomew
First planner of City of St. Louis Harold Bartholomew
Developed early comprehensive plans that later developed into conventional prescriptions for comprehensive planning by local governments Harold Bartholomew
First President of the American City Planning Institute 1917 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.
Prepared plans for Detroit & Utica & Boulder & New Haven & Pittsburgh & Rochester & and Newport Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.
President's administration that created the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) 1933 Franklin Roosevelt
Instrumental in the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Senator George Norris of Nebraska
First long-term director of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) David Lilienthal
Wrote Urban Land Use Planning 1957 F. Stuart Chapin
Wrote The Urban General Plan 1964 T.J. Kent
Wrote Design with Nature 1969 Ian McHarg
Linked to overlay of layers used today with GIS Ian McHarg
First espoused incremental planning Charles Lindblom
Three leading theorists of advocacy planning Saul Alinsky & Sherry Arnstein & Paul Davidoff
Developed a vision of planning centered around community organizing Saul Alinsky
Wrote Ladder of Participation 1969 Sherry Arnstein
Father of advocacy planning Paul Davidoff
Argued that planners should not be value-neutral public servants but should represent special needs and interest groups Paul Davidoff
Developed Planning Programming Budgetary System (PPBS) at U.S. Department of Defense Robert McNamara
Encouraged environmentally conscious approach to land use Ian McHarg
Published several books between 1945 and 1972 Saul Alinsky
Published several papers especially during the 1960's re advocacy planning Paul Davidoff
Designed first limited access highway 1926 Robert Moses
Successfully lobbied the state government to establish the State Council of Parks in 1923 Robert Moses
New Deal Program implemented under his administration Franklin Roosevelt
Created by: ac1137



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