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ORI LIWANAG VOCAB
ORI LIWANAG VOCABULARY PERIOD FIVE FOR MS. SEDIA
|Eurasia is the large land mass that includes both Europe and Asia.
|Topography is the shape and elevation of land in a region.
|Middle Ages (500-1500)
|The Middle Ages is a period that lasted from about 500-1500 in Europe.
|Medieval refers to the Middle Ages.
|St. Patrick was a Christian missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity.
|A Monk is a religious man who lives apart from society in an isolated community.
|A Monestery is a community of Monks.
|St. Benedict was a monk who created a set of rules for Monks to follow.
|Charlemagne was a great Frankish King. He was a strong leader and brilliant warrior and was crowned king of the Romans on Christmas Day of 800 AD.
|A Knight is a Medieval European warrior who fought on horseback.
|A Vassal is a Knight who promissed to support a lord in exchange for land in Medieval Europe.
|Feaudalism is the system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in Medieval Europe.
|William the Conqueror (1028-1087)
|William the Conqueror was a powerful French noble who conquered England and brought Feaudalism to Britan.
|A Manor is a large estate owned by a knight or lord.
|A Serf is a worker in Medieval Europe who was tied to the land on which he/she lived.
|Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)
|Eleanor of Aquitaine was the Queen of France and England. She was one of the most powerful women in Medieval Europe.
|Chivalry is the code of honorable behavior for Medieval Knights.
|A Haiku is a type of Japanese poem with three lines and seventeen sylables that describes nature.
|To Excommunicate is to cast out from the church.
|Gregory VII (1020-1085)
|Gregory VII was a powerful Medieval Pope. He fought against Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV over the power to choose church officials.
|Henry IV (1050-1106)
|Roman Emperor Henry IV fought against Pope Gregory VII over the power to choose church officials.
|The Crusades is a long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia fought from 1096-1291 for control of the Holy Land.
|The Holy Land is the region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea where Jesus lived, preached, and died.
|Urban II (1035-1099)
|Pope Urban II called on Christians to launch the First Crusade.
|Richard I (1157-1199)
|King Richard I of England led Christian soldiers in the Third Crusade. He earned the respect of his enemies as well as Christian soldiers for his bravery and fairness.
|Saladin was a Muslim General. He led the muslim forces during the Third Crusade.
|The Clergy consists of church officials.
|A Religious Order is a group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
|Francis of Assisi (1182-1226)
|St. Francis of Assisi encouraged people to be kind to others and founded the Franciscan Order.
|A Frair is a member of a Religious Order who lived and worked among the public.
|Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
|Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican philosopher. He argued that rational thought could be used to support Christian belief.
|Natural Law is a law that people believed God had created to govern how the world operated.
|Magna Carta is a document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the King to honor certain rights.
|The Parliament is the lawmaking body that governs England.
|Hundred Years' War (1337-1453)
|The Hundred Years' War is a long conflict between England and France that lasted from 1337-1453.
|Joan of Ark (1412-1431)
|Joan of Ark was a French peasant girl. Se rallied the French troops during the Hundred Years' War.
|Black Death (1347-1351)
|Black Death is a deadly plauge that swept through Europe between 1347-1351.
|A Heresy is a religous idea that opposes accepted church teachings.
|The Reconquista is the effort of Christian kingdoms in northern Spain to retake land from the Moors during the Middle Ages.
|King Ferdinand of Spain and his wife Queen Isabella completed the Reconquista. They banned Islam and forced Jews in Spain to become Christian or leave.
|Isabella, Queen of Castile in Spain, and her husband King Ferdinand helped complete the Reconquista. Together, they banned Islam and forced Muslims to convert to Christianity or to leave. She also helped pay for Christopher Columbus's voyages.
|The Spanish Inquisitonis an organisation of priests in Spain that looked for and punished anyone suspected of secretly practicing their old religion.
|power; right to rule
|rule; course of action