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Chapter 13-14 SMO

City with the largest influx of immigrants in early 19th century NYC
Push factors for Irish immigration Potato famine, British owning most of the land, disease
Anti-Irish sentiments illiterate Catholic Irish peasants, "no Irish need apply," got drunk
Push factors for Germans William Penn, potato famine, needing work in America
Targets of violence in early 19th century Catholics and free blacks
Early trade unions had three main concerns Wages, working conditions, working hours
Tammany Hall In NYC: ensure votes by going to immigrants and giving them hospitality to get their votes
Three main characteristics of reform movements moralistic reform because small-scale local relief wasn't adequate; belief in basic goodness of nature; moralistic dogmatism (reformers knowing they're always right and had improvements enacted)
Ragged schools tax-supported primary schools that were scarce and poor quality
Horace Mann led education reform, first secretary of of MA board of education, doubled teachers' salaries
Catharine Beecher advocate for German school model and for kindergarten, learn through play
First college to accept black men and white women Oberlin
Cold Water Army children's club for temperance
Neal S. Dow of Maine Father of Prohibition; Maine Law of 1851 which prohibited making liquor in Maine
Dorothea Dix led to establishment of asylums for the insane
Communitarian/Utopian believed in social harmony and were experimental, no violence
Robert Owen 1825 New Harmony, Indiana: had Owenites who believed society should have equal materials, anti-religious, good education program, failed after 2 years
Brook Farm 1841 based on Phalanxes, George Ripley, failed
Oneida Community complex marriage for everyone to be married to each other, John Humphrey Noyes, sexual freedom, perfectionism
Shakers 1774 "hands to work, hearts to God," Mother Ann Lee, celibacy, bear trap monopoly
Mormons Joseph Smith, first true Protestant-Christian religion, fastest growing TODAY, no polygamy
Why were the Mormons hated? they had economic success
Joseph Smith's fate killed by a mob while running for president in 1844
Mormon migration path NY to Utah
Three groups who were active abolitionists free blacks, Quakers, militant white reformers
Sojourner Truth free female black, first black woman to win court case over white, counted tales of slave horrors
Theodore Weld "American Slavery as it is" provided graphic details of slave accounts
American Antislavery Society The Tappan Brothers; meeting place burned and robbed
JQA and the Amistad JQA freed 53 slaves on the Spanish Amistad ship even though they were arrested
Liberty Party 1840 first antislavery party, chose James G. Birney as candidate
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott Seneca Falls Convention, women reformers
Susan B. Anthony wrote 19th amendment
Declaration of Sentiments at seneca falls, man = woman
Five points neighborhood NY's worst slum with criminals and notorious gangs
Millerites (William Miller) believed 2nd coming of Christ on 10/22/1843; revised it with 7th day adventist
Commodity that attracted Americans to northern Louisiana territory fur
John C. Fremont mapped overland trails to Oregon and California
Great Plains also referred to as Indo-Gangetic Plains
Indian territory states Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma
Who coined term "manifest destiny" and where did it first appear? John O'Sullivan; Democratic Review newspaper
"to see the elephant" desire to see the unknown
James K. Polk and "54 40 or fight!" Polk said the US would go to war if he didn't get all the land below Canada
Created by: jchanto
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