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SS Unit 7

Antebellum Georgia

Antebellum the period before the Civil War
Overseer person responsible for assigning work and supervising slaves
Driver a slave placed in charge of other slaves
Confederate States of America the name of the government formed by the southern states in 1861 when they seceded from the Union
Discrimination actions that deny people their rights because of prejudice
Slave Code set of laws that defined social, economic, and physical limitations placed on slaves
Abolitionists people who worked to abolish slavery
Underground Railroad network of homes, farms, and churches from the South to the North and Canada where runaway slaves could rest and hide from slave catchers
Slave States states that permitted slavery
Free States states that did not permit slavery
Arsenal an arms storehouse
Sectionalism when people in one area think their ideas are correct or more important than those of another area
States' Rights the idea that powers not given to the federal government in the Constitution belong to each state
Free Soilers people who did not want slavery extended into western territories
Secession the act of pulling or breaking away
Popular Sovreignty right of people living in a territory to decide whether to be a slave or free state
Tariff a tax on imported goods
Large planters owned how many slaves and how much land? over 50 slaves and over 1,000 acres of land
Large planters made up how much of white families? less than 1%
Small planters owned how many slaves and how much land? between 20 and 49 slaves and between 100 and 1,000 acres of land
Small planters made up how much of white families? 3%
Small planters produced many of what kind of leaders? political
Small planters controlled what of the South? the wealth
Farmers with slaves usually had how many slaves? less than 20
Most farmers with slaves had how many slaves? less than or equal to 5
Farmers with slaves lived where? around towns and cities
Which level of society worked side-by-side with their slaves? farmers with slaves
Farmers with slaves only held parties when? around holidays and special occasions
Merchants and "People of Letters" lived where? mainly in towns and cities
Merchants and "People of Letters" included what occupations? cotton brokers, merchants, teachers, doctors, ministers, newspaper publishers, and lawyers
Farmers with slaves encompassed how much of southern whites? 20%
Merchants and "People of Letters" were how much of southern white families? 1-2%
Artisans were part of which social level? Merchants and "People of Letters"
Who depended on their own talents and recognition? Artisans
Artisans included what occupations? carpenters, bricklayers, millwrights, saddlers, shoemakers, milliners, furniture designers and makers, portrait painters
Yeoman farmers were how much of southern white families? 75%
Which society level were subsistence farmers? Yeoman farmers
Free blacks included whom? farmers, day laborers, artisans, and tenant farmers
Free blacks were concentrated where? upper South (Maryland and Virginia)
Free blacks made up how much of southern society? 6%
Total free black population? 500,000
In how many states did free blacks have voting rights? 2 northern states
How many slaves were there in 1860s? 4 million
What percentage of slaves in US lived in GA? 11.5%
Color judgement in slavery? lighter complexions often had household positions, darker complexions were field slaves
Household slaves got what? better food, clothes, huts, etc.
Created by: reneslacis