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$Greek vocabulary$

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Mattock A heavy hoe which was the chief-tool of Greek famers
Drama- A serious play or theatrical event
Metics- A class of people in Athens who were not citizens
Helots- One of the Spartan slave classes
City-States - A self governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
Homer- A Greek epic poet and author of Ilaid and Odyssey
Monarchy- A system of government in which a monarch - a king, queen, or emperor is the sole and absolute
Oligarchy- A system of government in which a few people rule
Democracy- A system of government in which people rule either directly or through elected representatives
Tyrant- A ruler who has absolute power (nobody can tell them what to do)
Polis- A city-state in ancient Greece
trireme- A major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen
fresco- A painting done on fresh plaster with watercolors
Peloponnesus- A hilly major peninsula in Greece
ostracized- shunned, avoided
oracle- Places where the gods spoke directly to men
phalanx- Special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
philosophy- A study of the meaning and knowledge of life
Sophocles- A famous Greek writer
Pericles- A Greek leader of the Golden Age
Ionia- a group of Greek cities on the coast Asia Minor
epic- A long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians- the name given by the Greeks to any people who were not Greek
colonies- areas set up in conquered lands by the Greek city states for use when they themselves became overpopulated
Minoan- An ancient Cretan civilization
myths- Legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events
Dorians- a group that invaded Greece around 1000 BC
Hellenes- The name the Dorians gave themselves
Acropolis- A hilltop fortress in Ancient Athens which included the Parthenon
agora- The central marketplace in Ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and government buildings
 

 



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