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Population Health

An Occupational Rationale

QuestionAnswer
Define occupation. All that people do in order to fulfill basic needs and meet social and environmental demands
Define health according to WHO. state of complete physical, social, and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity; a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources and phys capacities
Define population health. public health; 'the science and art of promoting health, preventing disease, and prolonging life thru organized efforts of society' (Nutbeam, 1998)
Define ecological public health. interconnectedness between health and sustainable development, global environmental problems, and the changing nature of ill health
What is the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (OCHP) definition for health promotion? "the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health"
Define social epidemiology. the study of population health and ill health by examining how health is affected by occupation, public policies, and social, environmental, psychological, and physical factors
What are 5 ways that health is influenced by occupation? developing personal skills, build health public policy, create supportive environments, strengthen community action, reorient health service to health promotion
What are underlying occupational determinants of health? type of economy, national policies and priorities
What is the wellness approach? An active process thru which individuals become aware of and make choices toward a more successful existence
What is preventative medicine? The application of Western medicine and social science to prevent disease, prolong life, and promote health in the community through intercepting disease processes
What is community development? Community consultation, deliberation, and action to promote individual, family, and community wide responsibility for self-sustaining development, health, and well-being
What is occupational justice? Enabling, mediating, and advocating for political, social, and economic change to increase awareness of resources and equitable opportunities for occupation that is health giving
What is ecological stability? Promotion of healthy relationships between humans; other living organisms, and their environments, habits, and modes of life
Created by: abascas