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Social Studies ELA

Study guide for S.S.

Which direction do Latitude lines run? West and East.
Which direction do Longitude lines run? North and South.
A drawing on a map that shows direction. Compass Rose.
A unit of measure on a map that is used to represent a distance on earth. Scale.
Located in a map key to represent an item. Symbol.
A list of map symbols that show what each symbol represents. Map Key.
An imaginary line that circles the earth half way between the North and South Pole. The Equator.
An imaginary line circling the earth separating the earth unto the Eastern and Western Hemisphere. The Prime Meridian.
A unit of measurement that indicates the distance between lines of Latitude and Longitude. Degree.
Physical Maps show... Natural Features. Ex. Rivers, Mountains, Lakes...
Elevation Maps show... Height over sea level.
Political Maps show... Government, City-States...
Distribution Maps show... Population.
Historical Maps show... History over time.
B.C. to B.C. Subtract
A.D. to A.D. Subtract
B.C. to A.D. Add
Circa Around
Historians learn about the past by studying... Primary and Secondary Sources. Ex. Diary, Letters, Photos, Textbooks.
Archaeologists study the past by studying... Artifacts and fossils. Ex. Bones, Pottery, Jewelery.
Culture The knowledge, beliefs, customs and values of a group of people. Historians are interested in culture.
Agriculture Farming. It allowed people to live in a permanent location.
Neolithic Resolution Hunting and Gathering to Farming.
Prehistory The time before writing.
Name the 3 Water Control Systems 1. Gates regulated the flow of water. 2. Canals are man-made pathways. 3. Artifical Lakes stored water.
What did Hammurabi do? He made 282 laws and he was a military leader.
What were some of Hammurabi's greatest achievements? 282 laws, He united all of Mesopotamia into 1 empire.
Why is Hammurabi's code so important? Because it delt with everyday life and behavior.
The most important achievements in society are... The wheel, The # system, and Hammurabi's Code of Laws.
Complete the Sumerian Social Hierarchy Chart... Kings, Priests, Craftspeople, Merchants, traders, farmers, laborers and slaves.
Cataracts Strong Rapids
Delta Triangle shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river.
Pharaoh Ruler of Egypt. "Great House"
Dynasty Series of rulers from the same family.
Old Kingdom A period in Egypt history that lasted 500 years (2700 to 2200 B.C.) Pharaohs are gods, Khufu was most important Pharaoh, Egypt traded with it's neighbors.
Menes A leader who ruled Upper and Lower Egypt.
Complete the Egyptian Social Hierarchy Chart. Pharaoh, Government Officals, Soldiers, Scribe, Merchant, Artisans, Farmers, Slave.
Resources Something that is natural (animals, Fertile soil, water) the helps socity.
Tool Any handheld object that has been modifyed to help a person accomplish a task. Tools increase the chance of survival.
Socity A community of people who share a common culture.
Migrate To move. Settlers learned to make shelter and clothes to survive the cold.
Land Bridge A strip of land connecting 2 continants.
Civilization Early civilization settled in areas with a large supply of food and water.
Surplus To have more than needed.
Mesopotamia means... "Land Between The Rivers"
Irrigation Water flow to an area of land.
Cuneiform Writing on a clay tablet. First system of writing invented by Mesopotamia. Used to keep business records.
Division of Labor Specific jobs.
Created by: bucca1